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Nutritional Management of Nephrolithiasis in Chronic Kidney Disease

  • Haewook HanEmail author
  • Pamela S. Kent
  • Judith A. Beto
Chapter
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)

Abstract

This chapter reviews the nutritional management of nephrolithiasis in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Nutritional management of CKD is well documented and recommended by the National Kidney Foundation (NKF) and Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (KDOQI). Overall recommendation for prevention of nephrolithiasis was developed by the American Urological Association (AUA) in 2014. CKD patients with nephrolithiasis need specific nutritional management to prevent recurrence of stones and meet adequate nutritional status for CKD. Nutrition assessment, drug-nutrient interactions, and nutrition recommendations should be individualized based on the different types of stones and CKD stage.

Keywords

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) Nephrolithiasis 24-hour urine test Nutrition assessment Nutrition recommendations Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibitors Calcium stones Uric acid stones Cystine stones 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NephrologyHarvard Vanguard Medical AssociatesBostonUSA
  2. 2.ESCP OperationsCenters for Dialysis CareShaker HeightsUSA
  3. 3.Division of Nephrology and HypertensionLoyola University of Chicago, Health Sciences DivisionMaywoodUSA

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