Climate Change and Agricultural Production
A spate of high-energy industrial, agricultural, infrastructural, trade, and other economic activities, based on the use of mindboggling amounts of fossil fuel, have resulted in a rate of global warming and climate change in the past few decades, not seen in the previous 1000 years. The unprecedented increase in the atmospheric concentration of green house gases, as a result of intensified anthropogenic activities has been confirmed as the cause of climate change. The chapter discusses the consequences of these changes on sustainable agriculture, especially with regard to the high emissions of Nitrous Oxide, during urea hydrolysis, owing to unbridled use of urea, to prop up the green revolution.
KeywordsInternational Panel on Climate Change Green House Gases Nitrous Oxide Agriculture Climate change Deforestation High intensity farming
- IPCC. (1996). In J. T. Houghton, L. G. M. Filho, B. A. Gallander, N. Harris, A. Kattenberg, & K. Maskell (Eds.), Climate Change 1995: The science of climate change. Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- IPCC. (2001). In R. T. Watson (Ed.), Climate change 2001: Synthesis report. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Jackson, R. B., IV. (1993). Greenhouse gases and agriculture. In R. A. Greyer (Ed.), A global warming forum: Scientific, economic and legal overview (pp. 417–444). Boca Raton: CRC Press.Google Scholar
- Raman, S. (2006). Agricultural sustainability: Principles, processes and prospects (pp. 13904–11580). Birmingham: The Hawoth Press Inc.Google Scholar
- Rosenzweig, C., & Hillel, D. (1998). Climate change and the global harvest: Potential impacts of the greenhouse effect on agriculture. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar