Territorial Maps of Senior Entrepreneurship: A Multidimensional Analysis Based on GEM Data

  • José Manuel Saiz-ÁlvarezEmail author
  • Alicia Coduras-Martínez
Part of the Studies on Entrepreneurship, Structural Change and Industrial Dynamics book series (ESID)


Using APS GEM (Global Entrepreneurship Monitor) data, the authors use a multidimensional analysis based on a regression analysis of a nonlinear (cubic) polynomial equation between senior entrepreneurship and the United Nations’ human development index to define territorial maps of senior entrepreneurship (SE). The objective of analyzing these maps is to know (a) which are the strongest nations of the world concerning SE, (b) if SE differs among countries, and (c) which are the main factors affecting SE. Our results suggest that SE will increase in the coming years due to the aging of the population (“Papy boom”), especially in Europe and to a lesser extent in some regions of the United States and Japan. Finally, and related to SE, four groups of countries can be formed.


Global entrepreneurship monitor Senior entrepreneurship Papy boom Adult population National experts Entrepreneurial activity 



We thank EGADE Business School and the National Council on Science and Technology (CONACYT) (Mexico) for their financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • José Manuel Saiz-Álvarez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alicia Coduras-Martínez
    • 2
  1. 1.EGADE Business School-Tecnologico de MonterreyZapopanMexico
  2. 2.Global Entrepreneurship Research AssociationLondon Business SchoolLondonUK

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