Adaptive Agricultural Practices Employed in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India
The present study was undertaken to evaluate various adaptive agronomic practices employed by indigenous farmers of eastern Uttar Pradesh in North India. For this, extensive field survey was conducted in selected districts of eastern Uttar Pradesh and various practices done by farmers were noted for further studies. The promising practices were classified at three distinct level such as (1) crop or species level, (2) farm or field level, and (3) landscape level. Major emphasis was given to documenting crop diversification strategy, varietal selection and preferences over the period (especially in rice) and critical natural resource conservation methods that is employed by the local farmers themselves to sustain food production under changing climatic conditions. The present study could able to identify so many promising practices for further validation and the subsequent scaling-up of promising practices. It is concluded that integrating traditional and indigenous farming technologies offer huge promise in climate change adaptation in agriculture and is a sustainable and adaptive way for maximizing food production under changing climatic conditions.
KeywordsAdaptive agricultural practices Crop diversification Dryland agriculture Eastern UP Environmental challenges Integrated farming practices Resource conservation Varietal selection
P.K.D. is thankful to University Grant Commission for Senior Research Fellowship, A.S. is thankful to Jawaharlal Nehru Trust for Jawaharlal Nehru Fellwoship, R.S. is grateful to Council of Scientific & Industrial Research for Junior Research Fellowship, and P.C.A. is grateful to Indian Council of Agricultural Research for Lal Bhadur Shastri Outstanding Young Scientist award.
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