Advertisement

White Patches

  • Michael A. O. Lewis
  • Philip-John Lamey
Chapter
Part of the BDJ Clinician’s Guides book series (BDJCG)

Abstract

A number of developmental, infective, inflammatory, acquired and neoplastic conditions of the oral mucosa may present as white patches.

Further Reading

  1. Al-Hashimi I, et al. Oral lichen planus and oral lichenoid lesions: diagnostic and therapeutic considerations. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007;103(Suppl 1):S25.e1–S25.e12.Google Scholar
  2. Healthcare Improvement Scotland. Scottish referral guidelines for suspected cancer. August 2014. www.healthcareimprovementscotland.org/our_work/cancer_care_improvement/programme_resources/scottish_referral_guidelines.aspx.
  3. Lewis MAO. Mouth cancer: presentation, detection and referral in primary dental care. Br Dent J. 2018;225:833–40.  https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bdj.2018.931.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Lewis M, Williams D. Diagnosis and management of oral candidosis. Br Dent J. 2017;223:675–81.  https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bdj.2017.886.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Suspected cancer: recognition and referral. 22 June 2015. www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng12.
  6. Williams D, Lewis M. Pathogenesis and treatment of oral candidosis. J Oral Microbiol. 2011;3:5771.  https://doi.org/10.3402/jom.v3i0.5771.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael A. O. Lewis
    • 1
  • Philip-John Lamey
    • 2
  1. 1.School of DentistryCardiff University School of DentistryCardiffUK
  2. 2.Edinburgh Dental InstituteUniversity of Edinburgh Edinburgh, Dental InstituteEdinburghUK

Personalised recommendations