History and Future of Robotic Colorectal Surgery

  • Joshua MacDavidEmail author
  • Garrett Friedman


The first prototype robots were developed in the mid-1990s to overcome the disadvantages of laparoscopic surgery, mainly the 2D plane, the rigidness instruments, and the limited degrees of freedom. Current robotic platforms mitigate these disadvantages by providing 3D imaging with enhanced instrument control. We are in unparalleled times for robotic surgical innovation, with new technologies being developed at unprecedented rates. In this chapter, we review the history of robotic surgery along with an overview of the current and future robotic surgical platforms.


Robotic surgery Intuitive surgical da Vinci Flex Articulating Laparoscopic Dissection Senhance Transenterix DiLumen Titan Versius Virtual Incision SPORT Distalmotion 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUNLV School of MedicineLas VegasUSA
  2. 2.University of Nevada Las VegasLas VegasUSA

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