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A Systematic Review of South American and European Mycorrhizal Research: Is there a Need for Scientific Symbiosis?

  • César MarínEmail author
  • C. Guillermo Bueno
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

With the application of new molecular analyses to determine soil fungal community composition, and with new macroecological approaches to analyze the biogeographic patterns of mycorrhizal plant species and communities, mycorrhizal ecology has notably advanced. However, this advance has not been balanced between Northern and Southern hemispheres. While the most complex ecosystems and biodiversity hotspots are located in the south, the initiatives and resources to investigate them are mostly coming from the north. This situation leads to the development of northern perspectives on southern areas, enlarging the gap between the research needs for local sustainable development and the improvement of global mycorrhizal ecological models. In this review, we compare the research production of South America and Europe, analyzing their chronological and thematic trends from 1975 to 2018. In Europe, a total of 1927 articles were produced, with a majority of articles focusing on the anthropogenic effects on the mycorrhizal symbiosis, while 797 articles were produced in South America (SA), with a majority focusing on the community structure of mycorrhizal fungi. We suggest that the lack of research resources in the Southern hemisphere can be overcome by using regional/social symbiotic strategies, networking, and collaborative initiatives, enhancing the integration of southern research into the global context.

Keywords

Anthropogenic effects Community structure Mycorrhizal traits Research gaps Scientific networks 

Notes

Acknowledgments

C.M. was funded by the Universidad de O’Higgins postdoctoral research fund and by the Fondecyt project No. 1190642 (Chilean Goverment). C.G.B. was funded by the Estonian Research Council (IUT 20–28) and the European Regional Development Fund (center of excellence: EcolChange).

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad de O’HigginsRancaguaChile
  2. 2.University of TartuTartuEstonia

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