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Ectomycorrhizal Fungi in South America: Their Diversity in Past, Present and Future Research

  • Eduardo R. Nouhra
  • Götz Palfner
  • Francisco Kuhar
  • Nicolás Pastor
  • Matthew E. Smith
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

This chapter compiles data on various aspects of ectomycorrhizal fungal taxa research, carried out in South America (SA) since the first studies in the early 1900. Early research was achieved by foreign mycologists and the development of the first biological research centers in the region. The diversity of fungal taxa and data on the associated plant hosts and ecosystems are described based on biological and phytogeographic characteristics. Most publications on the topic were revised, the ectomycorrhizal lineages registered and species richness estimated based on fruiting bodies records and sequence data, derived from root tips of ectomycorrhizal hosts as well as OTU sequences from metabarcoding analysis. The review compiles previous and recent data for various areas of interest along the Andes, Guiana, Amazonian basin and the northeastern coast of SA. Additional research aspects such as physiology, cellular biology, chemistry, chemotaxonomy and mycosociology are briefly addressed.

Keywords

Ectomycorrhizae Diversity Richness Neotropics Patagonia Andes 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduardo R. Nouhra
    • 1
  • Götz Palfner
    • 2
  • Francisco Kuhar
    • 1
  • Nicolás Pastor
    • 1
  • Matthew E. Smith
    • 3
  1. 1.IMBIV/CONICET(F.C.E.F.y N.) Universidad Nacional de CórdobaCórdobaArgentina
  2. 2.Universidad de ConcepciónConcepciónChile
  3. 3.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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