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Traumatic Life Events and High Risk for the Development of Psychopathology

  • María Recio-BarberoEmail author
  • Margarita Sáenz-Herrero
  • Paloma Navarro
  • Inmaculada Hurtado
Chapter

Abstract

Traumatic events can cause deep wounds in the physical, emotional and psychological experience of the situation. The experience of traumatic events has been identified as a risk factor for the development of a large number of psychiatric disorders, between them, PTSD, eating disorders, depression and psychosis. In fact, in individuals suffering from severe psychiatric disorders, childhood trauma is reported at a much higher rate. In this chapter, we will try to review the different dimensions of the suffering and emergence of trauma in holistic, gender-sensitive and integrated ways. The body is the epicentre of trauma in its individual experience, identity impact and excruciating remembrance of the event. Yet sociopolitical contexts and their ruptures also inhabit the human body: violence, poverty, abuse and oppression. Thus, understanding trauma requires giving specific attention to the sociocultural fabric in which the wound is inscribed and suffered. In the first part of this chapter, we will approach to the historic perspective of the origins of trauma, trying to define the elements around this complex concept. In the second part, we will consider from a holistic integrative biopsychosocial perspective the biological and psychopathological aspects that may emerge after a traumatic event.

Keywords

Risk factors Violence Childhood trauma Post-traumatic stress disorders Psychopathology 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • María Recio-Barbero
    • 1
    Email author
  • Margarita Sáenz-Herrero
    • 2
  • Paloma Navarro
    • 3
  • Inmaculada Hurtado
    • 4
  1. 1.Biocruces Bizkaia Health Research InstituteCruces University HospitalBarakaldoSpain
  2. 2.Cruces University HospitalBarakaldoSpain
  3. 3.Marina Baixa HospitalAlicanteSpain
  4. 4.CEU. Cardenal Herrera UniversityAlicanteSpain

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