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Somatoform and Factitious Disorders

  • Julia García-Albea
  • Pedro García-Parajuá
  • Marta Navas-Tejedor
Chapter

Abstract

Gender seems to be a nuclear issue in the diagnosis and treatment of somatomorphic disorders. It is well known that the categorization of these disorders has some controversy. On one hand, this controversy shows the limitation of the mind-body dual model which underlies the western medical thinking, in some way overlooking that pain and corporal awareness are not divided from the subjective experience of self. This group of mental disorders has suffered several modifications as shown at the different editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Diseases (DSM) although its validity and gender neutrality are still inconclusive. Firstly, in this chapter we analyze gender perspective related to somatization and in particular the somatoform disorder classification. Secondly, we describe somatoform disorders as in the classic terminology considering the new definition proposed in the last edition of DSM. Nevertheless, it is not clear that these new diagnostic criteria for somatoform disorders have reached gender neutrality.

Keywords

Gender and somatization Somatic symptom disorders Factitious disorders Gender dysphoria 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julia García-Albea
    • 1
  • Pedro García-Parajuá
    • 2
  • Marta Navas-Tejedor
    • 1
  1. 1.Hospital Clínico San CarlosMadridSpain
  2. 2.Puerta de Hierro HospitalMadridSpain

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