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Intimate Partner Violence Against Women: Impact on Mental Health

  • Andrés Felipe Correa Palacio
  • Elisa Delgado Fuente
  • Rocío Paricio del Castillo
  • Cristina Polo Usaola
Chapter

Abstract

The aim of this chapter is to review and update the available knowledge and nurture the existing debate about the effects that intimate partner violence has upon women’s mental health. First, we revisit the first classic explanatory theories that, for many decades, have tried to explain the cause of this violence unilaterally, only from the personality or the biographical history of women who were victims of it, risking a re-victimization of the subject during intervention. As time passed by, these explanatory theories acquired a growing complexity, until now, when this consideration holds a great importance in clinical practice as it states that our intervention must reach different levels. In this line of work, we consider of capital importance the ecological theory, which we will describe in depth further along.

To analyse the effect that violence against women from a current or previous intimate partner (from now on intimate partner violence against women or IPV against women) has on the victim’s psyche, we must start by reviewing some of the psychological phenomena related with long-lasting interpersonal traumatic experiences. To do so, we study the paradoxical adaptation to violence syndrome, coercive persuasion, the cycle of violence and the current knowledge about trauma, attachment and bonding. Next, we include a section in which we update the existing literature and knowledge about the connection between IPV against women and different disorders described in psychiatric classifications. Performing this analysis, we consider of capital importance the need to understand the complex relation between IPV against women, dissociative symptoms, complex post-traumatic stress disorder and borderline personality disorder. We shall end this chapter with some general thoughts that we believe to be fundamental for therapeutic intervention.

Keywords

Intimate partner violence Mental health Coercive persuasion Paradoxical adaptation Cycle of violence Serious mental illness Depression Complex post-traumatic stress disorder Substance abuse Intervention 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrés Felipe Correa Palacio
    • 1
  • Elisa Delgado Fuente
    • 2
  • Rocío Paricio del Castillo
    • 1
  • Cristina Polo Usaola
    • 3
  1. 1.Hospital Ramón y CajalMadridSpain
  2. 2.Hospital Rodríguez LaforaMadridSpain
  3. 3.Hortaleza Mental Health-Care ServiceMadridSpain

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