Adolescent Depression

  • Sandra Gómez-Vallejo
  • Beatriz Paya-Gonzalez
  • Ernesto J. Verdura Vizcaino
  • Emma Noval-AldacoEmail author


Despite the low rates of affective disorders during childhood, mood disorders increase significantly after puberty. Additionally, with the arrival of puberty, the prevalence among girls doubles the prevalence among males. The reasons for the gender difference are complex and not well understood. It is thought that the fluctuation of hormone levels and its influence in specific brain regions are the biological basis of this gender difference. In addition, a cognitive style prone to rumination among girls and the sociocultural factors, involving the “woman role” across different cultures, lead to strong emotions without the necessary cognitive resources to cope with them.


Adolescence Depression Gender 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sandra Gómez-Vallejo
    • 1
  • Beatriz Paya-Gonzalez
    • 2
  • Ernesto J. Verdura Vizcaino
    • 3
  • Emma Noval-Aldaco
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Child and Adolescent PsychiatryInstitute of Psychiatry, King’s CollegeLondonUK
  2. 2.Child and Adolescent Psychiatry DepartmentHospital Universitario Marques ValdecillaSantanderSpain
  3. 3.Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department, Hospital Universitario Gregorio MarañonSchool of Medicine, Universiad Complutense LiSGM, CIBERSAMMadridSpain

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