Advertisement

Amputations

  • K. Mohan Iyer
Chapter

Abstract

The chapter takes into account the absolute indications and the severe mangled extremity and also discusses the ideal levels in adults and children, in large and small joints. It also discusses the ideal conditions under which it should be undertaken as emergencies and planned procedures.

Keywords

Myoplasty Phantom limb Prosthetic limbs 

References

  1. 1.
    Helfet DL, Howey T, Sanders R, Johansen K. Limb salvage versus amputation. Preliminary results of the Mangled Extremity Severity Score. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1990;256:80–6.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Oishi CS, Fronek A, Golbranson FL. The role of non-invasive vascular studies in determining levels of amputation. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1988;70:1520–30.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    McIntyre KE, Bailey SA, Malone JM, Goldstone J. Guillotine amputation in the treatment of nonsalvageable lower extremity infection. Arch Surg. 1984;119:450–3.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Littlewood H. Amputations at the shoulder and at the hip. Br Med J. 1922;1:381.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kutler W. A new method for finger tip amputation. J Am Med Assoc. 1947;133(1):29.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Atasoy E, Ioakimidis E, Kasdan ML, Kutz JE, Kleinert HE. Reconstruction of the amputated finger tip with a triangular volar flap. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1970;52:921–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dujon DG, Khan UD, Aslam S. Bipedicle flaps: simple solutions for difficult problems in the extremities. Br J Plast Surg. 1997;50:641–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Al-Qattan MM. The adipofascial turnover flap for coverage of the exposed distal interphalangeal joint of the fingers and interphalangeal joint of the thumb. J Hand Surg Am. 2001;26(6):1116–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Foucher G, et al. Homodigital neurovascular island flaps for digital pulp loss. J Hand Surg Br. 1989;14(2):204–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Murray JF, Carman W, MacKenzie JK. Transmetacarpal amputation of the index finger: A clinical assessment of hand strength and complications. J Hand Surg Am. 1977;2(6):471–81.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lyall H, Elliot D. Total middle ray amputation. J Hand Surg Br. 1996;21(5):675–80.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Peacock EE Jr. Metacarpal transfer following amputation of a central digit. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1962;29:345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Garst RJ. The Krukenberg hand. J Bone Joint Surg. 1991;73(3):385–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Friedrich JB, Vedder NB. Thumb reconstruction. Clin Plast Surg. 2011;38(4):697–712.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gillies H, Millard DR. The principles and art of plastic surgery. Boston, MA: Little, Brown & Co; 1957.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Verdan L. The reconstruction of the thumb. Surg Clin N Am. 1968;48(5):1033–61.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Riordan DC. Congenital absence of the radius. J Bone Joint Surg. 1955;37-A:1140.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Buck-Gramcko D. Pollicization of the index finger: method and results in aplasia and hypoplasia of the thumb. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1971;53(8):1605–17.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Foucher G, Medina J, Navarro R. Microsurgical reconstruction of the hypoplastic thumb, type IIIB. J Reconstr Microsurg. 2001;17(1):9–15.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Syme J. On amputation at the ankle joint. Lond Edinburgh Month J Med Sci. 1843;3(XXVI):93.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sugarbaker PH, Chretien PB. A surgical technique for hip disarticulation. Surgery. 1981;90:546–53.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Karakousis CP, Emrich LJ, Driscoll DL. Variants of hemipelvectomy and their complications. Am J Surg. 1989;158:279–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Mohan Iyer
    • 1
  1. 1.Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust, Royal Free HospitalLondonUK

Personalised recommendations