Cerebral Palsy

  • K. Mohan Iyer


Various types and classification of cerebral palsy, diagnosis, and management of deformities associated with it.


Mental retardation Hip subluxation Foot deformities 


  1. 1.
    Little WJ. On the influence of abnormal parturition, difficult labours, premature birth, and asphyxia neonatorum, on the mental and physical condition of the child especially in relation to deformities. Trans Obstet Soc Lond. 1861;3:293–344.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Blair E, Stanley F. Interobserver agreement in the classification of cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol. 1985;27:615–22.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Foley J. Physical aspects. In: Blencowe SM, editor. Cerebral palsy and the young child. London: E&S Livingstone; 1969. p. 15.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Skaggs DL, Kaminsky CK, Eskander-Rickards E, Reynolds RA, Tolo VT, Bassett GS. Psoas over the brim lengthenings. Anatomic investigation and surgical technique. Clin Orthop. 1997;339:174–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wank R, Miller TT, Shapiro JF. Sonographically guided injection of anesthetic for iliopsoas tendinopathy after total hip arthroplasty. J Clin Ultrasound. 2004;32(7):354–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Strayer LM. Recession of the gastrocnemius: an operation to relieve spastic contracture of the calf muscles. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1950;32:671–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Grice DS. An extra-articular arthrodesis of the subastragalar joint for correction of paralytic flat feet in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1952;34A(4):927–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bleck EE. Orthopedic management in cerebral palsy. Oxford: MacKeith Press; 1987.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    McKeever D. Arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint for hallux rigidus and metatarsus primus varus. J Bone Joint Surg. 1952;34:129.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Mohan Iyer
    • 1
  1. 1.Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust, Royal Free HospitalLondonUK

Personalised recommendations