Advertisement

Metabolic and Endocrine Disorders

  • K. Mohan Iyer
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter covers all the necessary commonly seen conditions in orthopedics such as rickets, osteoporosis, osteomalacia, hemophilic arthritis, gouty arthritis, and Paget’s disease. It also discusses all these conditions with causes, diagnosis, laboratory tests, radiological investigations, and treatment.

Keywords

Rickets Osteoporosis Osteomalacia Hemophilia Hyperparathyroidism Hypoparathyroidism Gout Paget’s 

References

  1. 1.
    Lyon AJ, Mclntosh N, Wheeler K, Williams JE. Radiological rickets in extremely low birthweight infants. Pediatr Radiol. 1987;17:56–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Feuillan PP. McCune-Albright syndrome. Curr Ther Endocrinol Metab. 1997;6:235–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Whitehouse AJ, Holt BJ, Serralha M, Holt PG, Kusel MM, Hart PH. Maternal serum vitamin D levels during pregnancy and offspring neurocognitive development. Pediatrics. 2012;129:485–93.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Moncrieff M, Fadahunsi TO. Congenital rickets due to maternal vitamin D deficiency. Arch Dis Child. 1974;49:810–1.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Carpenter TO, Imel EA, Holm IA, Jan de Beur SM, Insogna KL. A clinician’s guide to X-linked hypophosphatemia. J Bone Miner Res. 2011;26(7):1381–8.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Barrett-Conner E, et al. Osteoporosis and fracture risk in women of different ethnic groups. J Bone Miner Res. 2005;20(2):185–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lewiecki EM, Miller PD. Renal safety of intravenous bisphosphonates in the treatment of osteoporosis. Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2007;6:663–72.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Eastell R, Nickelsen T, Marin F, et al. Sequential treatment of severe postmenopausal osteoporosis after teriparatide: final results of the randomized, controlled European Study of Forsteo (EUROFORS). J Bone Miner Res. 2009;24:726.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Basha B, Rao DS, Han ZH, Parfitt AM. Osteomalacia due to vitamin D depletion: a neglected consequence of intestinal malabsorption. Am J Med. 2000;108(4):296–300.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    MacKenzie CR. Gout and hyperuricemia: an historical perspective. Curr Treatm Opt Rheumatol. 2015;1:119–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gupta R. A short history of neuropathic arthropathy. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1993:296, 43–49.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sanders LJ, Frykberg RG. Diabetic neuropathic osteoarthropathy: the Charcot foot. In: Frykberg RG, editor. The high risk foot in diabetes mellitus. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1991. p. 297–338.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Brodsky JW, Rouse AM. Exostectomy for symptomatic bony prominences in diabetic charcot feet. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1993;296:21–6.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Eichenholtz SN. Charcot joints. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas; 1966.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Goldner W. Cancer-related hypercalcemia. J Oncol Pract. 2016;12(5):426–32.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Shoback DM, Bilezikian JP, Costa AG, Dempster D, Dralle H, Khan AA, Peacock M, Raffaelli M, Silva BC, Thakker RV, Vokes T, Bouillon R. Presentation of hypoparathyroidism: etiologies and clinical features. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2016;101:2300–12.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Moon BS, Luna JT, Raymond KA, Madewell JE. Paget’s disease of bone. Orthop Knowl Online J. 2010;8(1)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Mohan Iyer
    • 1
  1. 1.Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust, Royal Free HospitalLondonUK

Personalised recommendations