PN Junctions

  • Badih El-Kareh
  • Lou N. Hutter


The PN junction is the fundamental building block of most silicon devices. The junction shape, doping profile, and characteristics have a direct impact on device and circuit performance. The chapter begins with a basic description of junction types and their thermal equilibrium characteristics. This is followed by a review of junction forward-bias characteristics under low-level and high-level injection and reverse-biased characteristics under low- and high-field conditions. The junction switching behavior and reverse recovery time are then described, followed by examples of stand-alone junction applications.

Supplementary material


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Badih El-Kareh
    • 1
  • Lou N. Hutter
    • 2
  1. 1.PIYECedar ParkUSA
  2. 2.Lou Hutter ConsultingDallasUSA

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