The Early Universe and Its Thermal History

  • Horaţiu NăstaseEmail author
Part of the Fundamental Theories of Physics book series (FTPH, volume 197)


In this chapter, I will describe the thermal history of the Early Universe, i.e., the evolution of the particle species in it. After describing the Hot Big Bang scenario, and why it is required, we will calculate the thermodynamics of various particle species in the Universe. The evolution of the particle species during the radiation dominated era will be then described, and finally we will look in detail at neutrino decoupling.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Física Teórica, UNESPSão PauloBrazil

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