Gender and Pain

  • Rita Maria Melotti
  • Andrea FanelliEmail author
  • Maria Cristina Sorella


Chronic non-cancer pain afflicts approximately 20% of the adult population worldwide representing the most frequent distress faced by physicians of all disciplines [1]. One-third of the patients with chronic pain are in severe pain, and approximately half of them have constant pain leading to diminished quality of life [2].


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rita Maria Melotti
    • 1
  • Andrea Fanelli
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maria Cristina Sorella
    • 1
  1. 1.Anesthesia and Pain Therapy Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical ScienceUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly

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