Advertisement

DCS-MAC: A Distributed Cross-Layer Communication Protocol for Directional Sensor Networks

  • Shamanth NagarajuEmail author
  • V. Sreejith
  • Nipun Sood
  • Lucy J. Gudino
  • Mehul Kasliwal
  • Rajas Kejriwal
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 926)

Abstract

Employing directional antenna in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) constitute Directional Sensor Networks (DSNs) which provides potential benefits such as longer coverage range, reduced interference, diminished power requirement and spatial reusability. In this paper, we propose a Distributed Cross-layer Sectored-antenna Medium Access Control (DCS-MAC) protocol. The proposed DCS-MAC employ distributed Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) for MAC and Distributed Slow-Scan Routing (DSSR) protocol for routing purpose. The DCS-MAC eliminates the need for an exclusive neighbor discovery protocol as DSSR protocol itself serves this purpose. The performance of DCS-MAC is simulated using the Cooja simulator with directional antenna support. The simulation results reveal that DCS-MAC display reduced slot allocation delay, lower communication overhead and higher packet delivery ratio.

References

  1. 1.
    Santivanez, C., Redi, J.: On the use of directional antennas for sensor networks. In: IEEE Military Communications Conference, pp. 670–675 (2003)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wei, L., Zhou, B., Ma, X., Chen, D., Zhang, J., Peng, J., Luo, Q., Sun, L., Li, D., Chen, L.: Lightning: a high-efficient neighbor discovery protocol for low duty cycle WSNs. IEEE Commun. Lett. 20(5), 966–969 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Burghal, D., Tehrani, A.S., Molisch, A.F.: On expected neighbor discovery time with prior information: modeling, bounds and optimization. IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 17(1), 339–351 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cai, H., Wolf, T.: On 2-way neighbor discovery in wireless networks with directional antennas. In: IEEE Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM), pp. 702–710 (2015)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nur, F.N., Sharmin, S., Habib, M.A., Abdur Razzaque, Md., Shariful Islam, Md., Hassan, A.A.M.M., Alamri, A.: Collaborative neighbor discovery in directional wireless sensor networks: algorithm and analysis. EURASIP J. Wirel. Commun. Netw. 2017(1), 1–15 (2017)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Murawski, R., Felemban, E., Ekici, E., Park, S., Yoo, S., Lee, K., Park, J., Mir, Z.H.: Neighbor discovery in wireless networks with sectored antennas. Ad Hoc Netw. 10(1), 1–18 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Liu, B., Rong, B., Rose, Q.H., Qian, Y.: Neighbor discovery algorithms in directional antenna based synchronous and asynchronous wireless ad hoc networks. IEEE Wirel. Commun. 20(6), 106–112 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Choudhury, R.R., Vaidya, N.H.: Deafness: a MAC problem in ad hoc networks when using directional antennas. In: 12th IEEE International Conference on Network Protocols (ICNP), pp. 283–292 (2004)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sharma, R., Kadambi, G., Vershinin, Y.A., Mukundan, K.N.: A survey of MAC layer protocols to avoid deafness in wireless networks using directional antenna. Mob. Comput. Wirel. Netw. Concepts Methodol. Tools Appl. 1758–1797 (2016)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Felemban, E., Vural, S., Murawski, R., Ekici, E., Lee, K., Moon, Y., Park, S.: SAMAC: a cross-layer communication protocol for sensor networks with sectored antennas. IEEE Trans. Mob. Comput. 9(8), 1072–1088 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nur, F.N., Sharmin, S.R., Abdur Razzaque, Md., Shariful Islam, Md., Hassan, M.M.: A low duty cycle MAC protocol for directional wireless sensor networks. Wirel. Pers. Commun. 96(4), 5035–5059 (2017)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nur, F.N., Sharmin, S., Habib, M.A., Abdur Razzaque, Md., Shariful Islam, Md.: Collaborative neighbor discovery in directional wireless sensor networks. In: Region 10 Conference (TENCON), pp. 1097–1100 (2016)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nagaraju, S., Rege, V., Gudino, L.J., Ramesha, C.K.: Realistic directional antenna suite for cooja simulator. In: 23rd National Conference on Communications (NCC), pp. 1–6 (2017)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nagaraju, S., Kadam, B.V., Gudino, L.J., Nagaraja, S.M., Dave, N.: Performance analysis of rectangular, triangular and E-shaped microstrip patch antenna arrays for wireless sensor networks. In: 5th International Conference on Computer and Communication Technology (ICCCT), pp. 211–215 (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shamanth Nagaraju
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. Sreejith
    • 1
  • Nipun Sood
    • 1
  • Lucy J. Gudino
    • 2
  • Mehul Kasliwal
    • 1
  • Rajas Kejriwal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and Information SystemsBITS Pilani K. K. Birla Goa CampusSancoaleIndia
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and Information SystemsBITS PilaniPilaniIndia

Personalised recommendations