Causes of Food Loss and Waste: An Analysis Along the Food Supply Chain
The waste of food represents a missed opportunity to feed the growing world population. This is the main reason why member states of the European Union are committed to halve the food loss and waste by 2030. To reach this goal, researchers and practitioners are working to find solutions on the level of prevention of food loss and waste. However, to adequately tackling the problem, researchers and relevant stakeholders need to understand the origins of food loss and waste for the different stages of the supply chain. To help with that, this paper reviews the main causes of food loss and waste for each stage of the supply chain. In conclusion, the most urgent causes of food loss and waste to tackle seem to be the demand forecasting, the handling and operational bad practices, the specifications set by retailers regarding weight, size and colour, and the decay of the products quality. Therefore, since these are common to almost all stages of the supply chain, researchers and practitioners should form multi-disciplinary teams to develop solutions for food loss and waste prevention, based on concepts of supply chain cooperation and coordination, seeking to improve the organization and the visibility of information along supply chains.
KeywordsFood supply chain Food loss and waste Causes
This work is financed by national funds through FCT - Foundation for Science and Technology, I.P., under the project SFRH/BD/132563/2017.
- 1.Colwill, J., Despoudi, S., Bhamra, R.S.: A review of resilience within the UK food manufacturing sector. In: Goh, Y.M., Case, K. (eds.) Advances in Manufacturing Technology XXX: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Manufacturing Research, pp. 451–456. Loughborough University’s Institutional Repository, UK (2016)Google Scholar
- 3.Arivazhagan, R., Geetha, P., Ravilochanan, P.: Assessment of wastages in fruit supply chain with respect to fruit processing units in Tamilnadu, India. Int. Food Res. J. 23(2), 723–732 (2016)Google Scholar
- 5.FUSIONS: Recommendations and guidelines for a common European food waste policy framework, Bologna (2016)Google Scholar
- 7.FUSIONS: Definitional framework for food waste - full report (2014)Google Scholar
- 8.Bagherzadeh, M., Inamura, M., Jeong, H.: Food waste along the food chain. OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers, No. 71Google Scholar
- 15.Magalhães, V.S.M., Ferreira, L.M.D.F., Silva, C.: An overview on the research status of the problem of food loss and waste along food supply chains. In: 47th International Conference on Computers & Industrial Engineering (CIE47), Lisbon (2017)Google Scholar
- 16.WRAP: Estimates of food surplus and waste arisings in the UK, UK (2016)Google Scholar
- 25.Kowalska, A.: The issue of food losses and waste and its determinants. LogForum - Scientific Journal of Logistics 13(1), 7–18 (2017)Google Scholar
- 34.Handayati, Y., Simatupang, T.M., Perdana, T.: Agri-food supply chain coordination: the state-of-the-art and recent developments. Logist. Res. 8(5), 1–15 (2015)Google Scholar