Advertisement

Gender Disparities in Access to and Use of ICT in Senegal

  • Gaye Daffé
  • Fatoumata L. Diallo
Chapter
Part of the Gender, Development and Social Change book series (GDSC)

Abstract

Women have become major actors in economic and social life in both developed and developing countries. Their desire for participation in economic life, however, is hindered by their limited human capital capacities as well as the discrimination they face, particularly in accessing information and communication technologies (ICTs). This chapter analyses gender inequalities in access to and use of ICTs in Senegal. The results show the following: first, even in cases where female-headed households are in a position of equality with those headed by men when it comes to ICT endowment, gender disparities are expressed in terms of control, endowment and content. Furthermore, gender disparities in access to technology are expressed less when the use of technology is personal and requires less technical expertise. Finally, the determining factors of gender disparities in ICT accessibility are the availability of basic infrastructure and the cost of access to technology.

References

  1. Daffé, G., & Dansokho, M. (2002). Les nouvelles technologies de l’information et de la communication: défis et opportunités pour l’économie sénégalaise. In M. C. Diop Le Sénégal à l’ère de l’information Edition Karthala—UNRISD; Paris.Google Scholar
  2. Gurumurthy, A. (2006). Genre et TIC, BRIDGE, Institute of Development Studies.Google Scholar
  3. Hafkin, N. J. (2003). Le genre dans les statistiques et indicateurs des TIC, du point de vue plus spécialement des pays en développement. Atelier conjoint de statistique sur le suivi de la société de l’information. Retrieved from http://www.unece.org/stats/documents/ces/sem.52/3.f.pdf.
  4. Hafkin, N. J., & Taggart N. (2001). Gender, Information Technology, and Developing Countries: An Analytic Study. USAID. Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/wid/pubs/hafnoph.pdf.
  5. Marcelle, G. M. (2000). Transforming Information and Communications Technologies for Gender Equality. Gender in Development Monograph Series #9. New York. Retrieved from http://www.undp.org/gender/resources/mono9.pdf.
  6. Organisation Internationale du Travail (OIT). (2001). The Information Technology Revolution: Widening or Bridging Gender Gaps? Département de la Communication.Google Scholar
  7. Primo, N. (2003). Gender Issues in the Information Society. UNESCO Publications for the World Summit on the Information Society. Retrieved from https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000132967.
  8. Rathgeber, E. (2002). Gender and Telecentres: What Have We Learned?. exposé lors du Séminaire sur le genre et la fracture numérique.Google Scholar
  9. Réseau Genre et TIC. (2005). Fracture Numérique de Genre en Afrique Francophone: une inquiétante réalité, Enda editions.Google Scholar
  10. Sen, A. (2000). Social Exclusion: Concept, Application, and Scrutiny. Social Development Papers No. 1, Office of Environment and Social Development Asian Development Bank. Retrieved from https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/29778/social-exclusion.pdf.
  11. Sen, A., & Anand, S. (1995). Gender Inequality in Human Development: Theories and Measurement. In Background Papers: Human Development Report 1995 (pp. 1–20). New York: United Nations Development Programme; 1996.Google Scholar
  12. Sénégal (République du) Ministère de l’Economie et des Finances, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD). (2014). Recensement général de la Population, de l’Habitat, de l’Agriculture et de l’Elevage (RGPHAE 2013), Rapport définitif.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gaye Daffé
    • 1
  • Fatoumata L. Diallo
    • 2
  1. 1.Consortium pour la Recherche Économique et Sociale (CRES)DakarSenegal
  2. 2.West African Monetary Agency (WAMA)FreetownSierra Leone

Personalised recommendations