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Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

  • Venerino Poletti
  • Antonella Arcadu
  • Sissel Kronborg-White
  • Marco Chilosi
Chapter

Abstract

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a severe disorder mainly affecting lungs. It occurs more frequently in smokers or former smokers with an average age of onset around 65. The first pathogenetic event leading to the complete derangement of lung parenchyma is the alveolar stem cell exhaustion due to intrinsic factors (genetic mutations or polymorphisms) and extrinsic insults (cigarette smoke, pollution). The histopathologic background is Usual Interstitial Pneumonitis. Transbronchial cryobiopsy allows harvesting of lung samples large enough to identify the characteristic of this morphologic pattern. The best strategy to maintain a high diagnostic yield is to biopsy at least two different segments.

Keywords

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) Usual Interstitial Pneumonitis (UIP) Patchy fibrosis Fibroblastic foci Honeycomb changes Transbronchial cryobiopsy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Venerino Poletti
    • 1
    • 2
  • Antonella Arcadu
    • 3
  • Sissel Kronborg-White
    • 2
  • Marco Chilosi
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Diseases of the ThoraxOspedale Morgagni-PierantoniForlìItaly
  2. 2.Department of Respiratory Diseases and AllergyAarhus University HospitalAarhusDenmark
  3. 3.Department of Diseases of the Thorax-Pulmonology UnitAzienda Usl della Romagna, Ospedale GB MorgagniForlìItaly
  4. 4.Department of PathologyP. Pederzoli HospitalPeschiera del GardaItaly
  5. 5.Verona UniversityVeronaItaly

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