Advertisement

The AU’s African Governance Architecture and SDG 16: Examining Intersections

  • David MicklerEmail author
  • George Mukundi Wachira
Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Development Goals Series book series (SDGS)

Abstract

This chapter analyses the intersection of the African Union’s African Governance Architecture (AGA) and SDG 16 on Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions, which aims to ‘promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels’. The AGA is a political and institutional framework mandated by the African Union (AU) in 2011 to define, promote and regulate the body’s Pan-African democratic governance agenda and to coordinate key institutions and stakeholders in pursuit of this agenda. The architecture aligns with the AU’s long-term continental development blueprint, Agenda 2063, including the key aspiration of ‘An Africa of good governance, democracy, respect for human rights, justice and the rule of law’. The chapter proceeds in two main parts. First, drawing on the notion of African agency, it analyses the process by which African actors influenced the negotiation of the UN 2030 Agenda. By linking governance reforms at national, regional and global levels, and by linking governance, security and development, the eventual inclusion of SGD 16 can be viewed as a success for African negotiators. Second, it explains the mandate and design of AGA and identifies the main opportunities and challenges in going beyond an alignment of principles and agendas at the macro level to facilitate the effective implementation of SDG 16 targets in African countries.

Keywords

SDG 16 African Union African Governance Architecture African agency Governance 

References

  1. Abrahamsen R (2000) Disciplining democracy: development discourse and good governance in Africa. Zed Books, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. African Union (2000) Constitutive Act of the African Union. https://au.int/sites/default/files/pages/32020-file-constitutiveact_en.pdf. Accessed 1 Dec 2017
  3. African Union (2013) 50th Anniversary Solemn Declaration. https://au.int/sites/default/files/newsevents/workingdocuments/29149-wd-50_declaration_en.pdf. Accessed 1 December 2017
  4. African Union (2014) Common African Position on the post-2015 development agenda. https://au.int/sites/default/files/documents/32848-doc-common_african_position.pdf. Accessed 1 Dec 2017
  5. African Union (2015) Agenda 2063: the Africa we want (popular version, final edition). https://au.int/sites/default/files/pages/3657-file-agenda2063_popular_version_en.pdf. Accessed 1 Dec 2017
  6. African Union (2016) Decision on the post-2015 development agenda. Doc. Assembly/AU/6(XXVI). https://au.int/sites/default/files/decisions/29514-assembly_au_dec_588_-_604_xxvi_e.pdf. Accessed 1 Dec 2017
  7. African Union (2017) Advancing democratic & participatory governance in Africa: understanding the work of the African Union Department of Political Affairs. http://aga-platform.org/sites/default/files/2017-08/Advancing%20Democratic%20and%20Participatory%20Governance%20in%20Africa%20-%20Understanding%20DPA.pdf. Accessed 1 Dec 2017
  8. Arthur PK (2018) The African state and development initiatives: the role of good governance in the realisation of MDGs and SDGs. In: Hanson KT, Puplampu KP, Shaw TM (eds) From millennium development goals to sustainable development goals: rethinking African development. Routledge, London, pp 11–31Google Scholar
  9. Bellamy AJ (2015) Can the new sustainable development goals add firepower to the war on war? International Peace Institute Global Observatory. http://theglobalobservatory.org/2015/08/sustainable-development-goals-united-nations/. Accessed 1 Dec 2017
  10. Bolaji-Adio A (2015) The challenge of measuring SDG 16: what role for African regional frameworks? Discussion paper no. 175, European Centre for Development Policy Management. https://ecdpm.org/wp-content/uploads/DP175-Challenge-Measuring-SDG16-May-2015.pdf. Accessed 29 Oct 2018
  11. Brown W, Harman S (eds) (2013) African agency in international politics. Routledge, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Corrigan T, Gruzd S (2017) Can the APRM be an effective tool to monitor Agenda 2063 and the SDGs? Occasional paper 251. Johannesburg: South African Institute for International Affairs. http://www.saiia.org.za/research/can-the-aprm-be-an-effective-tool-to-monitor-agenda-2063-and-the-sdgs/. Accessed 1 Dec 2017
  13. Dodds F, Donoghue D, Roesch JL (2017) Negotiating the sustainable development goals: a transformational agenda for an insecure world. Routledge, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Edozie RK (2014) The African Union’s Africa: new pan-African initiatives in global governance. Michigan State University Press, East LansingGoogle Scholar
  15. Gasu J (2013) The African Union and the democratic project: examining the challenges for task accomplishment. In: Muchie M, Lukhele-Olorunju P, Akpor O (eds) The African Union ten years after: solving African problems with pan-Africanism and the African renaissance. Africa Institute of South Africa, Pretoria, pp 32–48Google Scholar
  16. Makinda SM, Okumu FW, Mickler D (2016) The African Union: addressing the challenges of peace, security and governance, 2nd edn. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  17. Saferworld (2014) From the sustainable development goals to the post-2015 development agenda: building a consensus for peace. https://www.saferworld.org.uk/resources/publications/831-from-the-sustainable-development-goals-to-the-post-2015-development-agenda-building-a-consensus-for-peace Accessed 1 Dec 2017
  18. Sparks D (2016) The sustainable development goals and Agenda 2063: implications for economic integration in Africa. Res Appl Econ 8(4):45–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Tieku T (2016) Governing Africa: a 3D analysis of the African Union’s performance. Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MDGoogle Scholar
  20. United Nations (2015) Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/transformingourworld. Accessed 1 Dec 2017
  21. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) (2015) Africa regional report on the sustainable development goals: summary. https://www.uneca.org/publications/africa-regional-report-sustainable-development-goals. Accessed 1 Dec 2017
  22. Vickers B (2013) Africa and the rising powers: bargaining for the ‘marginalized many’. Int Aff 89(3):673–693CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wachira GM (2015) Consolidating the African Governance Architecture. In: Gruzd S, Turianskyi Y (eds) African accountability: what works and what doesn’t. South African Institute of International Affairs, Johannesburg, pp 39–44Google Scholar
  24. Wachira GM (2017) Strengthening the pace and governance nexus within the African Union: enhancing synergy between the African Governance Architecture (AGA) and the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA). NUPI Report no. 7, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs. https://www.nupi.no/en/Publications/CRIStin-Pub/Strengthening-the-Peace-and-Governance-Nexus-within-the-African-Union.-Enhancing-synergy-between-the-African-Governance-Architecture-AGA-and-the. 1 Accessed Dec 2017
  25. Welz M (2013) The African Union beyond Africa: explaining the limited impact of Africa’s continental organization on global governance. Glob Gov 19:425–441Google Scholar
  26. Zondi S (2013) Common positions as African agency in international negotiations: anappraisal. In: Brown W, Harmon S (eds) African agency in international politics. Routledge, New York, pp 19–33Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Maendeleo GroupCape TownSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations