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Natural Value-Added Compounds from Fungal Communities

  • Paramanantham Parasuraman
  • Busi Siddhardha
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

Since ancient times, fungi and fungal products have gained noticeable attention for pharmaceutical applications and even for human consumption. Recent research has provided significant evidence of fungal metabolites with a wide variety of biological activities. The bioactive compounds from fungal communities are exploited by industrial sectors from the basic biomass-based food and feed application as nutraceutials to high-value pharmaceutical, cosmeceutical, ecological, and biomedical applications. Recent advances in scientific knowledge include interest in the use of natural value-added products, especially from fungi. Fungal communities provide highly diversified value-added products with complex chemical structures impossible or difficult to produce by chemical synthetic methods. Recent efforts have explored novel endophytic fungi which are added to the list of potential providers of value-added products. Functional genomics and proteomics facilitate the isolation and production of novel metabolites from fungi. Genetic engineering is an useful tool to metabolically engineer the microorganism for the production of value-added compounds. Various high-throughput screening methods are gaining importance for the rapid detection and isolation of bioactive compounds from fungi.

Keywords

Biofuels Biomedical application Genetic engineering Microbial synthesis Natural products Value-added products 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Pondicherry University for its support in providing the facility to access the different international journals for the successful completion of this chapter.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paramanantham Parasuraman
    • 1
  • Busi Siddhardha
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology, School of Life SciencesPondicherry UniversityPuducherryIndia

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