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Fungal Biofuels: Innovative Approaches

  • Spriha Raven
  • Aditya Francis
  • Chitra Srivastava
  • Sezotalu Kezo
  • Archana Tiwari
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

Biofuel energy offers great opportunities towards sustainable environment, and fungi can be an excellent source of biofuels. There are many bottlenecks associated with the first- and the second-generation biofuels like greenhouse gas (GHG) outflows, air contamination, biodiversity, endowments, and so on. The second-age biofuel forms tend to remove helpful feedstocks from the woody or stringy biomass. This is the reason for the creation of biofuels from fungi has a bigger number of focal points than utilizing first and second era biofuels as the biofuels are delivered straightforwardly from horticultural waste and other family squanders like grounds. Ethanol produced from biomass is sustainable and it strengthens the economy and environment with strategic attributes, biofuels producing from low input biomass on agricultural land or waste area could give better and much considerable benefit to the environment. However, the limitation is in the form of direct land use; it has an impact on greenhouse emission and eutrophication. Inorder to overcome the problems of fossil based fuels, it has initiated the work to find the sustainable sources and third generation biodiesel is one of the example, because they are renewable energy resources. It is an alternative fuel, for instance, which is not harmful for the environment, and they are also produced from different sources like algae, fungi, etc. Fungi have the ability to accumulate intracellular lipids, which help in the production of biodiesel. This chapter illustrates third-generation biofuels generated with the assistance of fungi. Innovative approaches are indeed needed for the rapid commercialization of fungi-derived biofuels.

Keywords

Biodiesel Bioethanol Biofuel Biohydrogen Cellulosic ethanol Fungi 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Spriha Raven
    • 1
  • Aditya Francis
    • 2
  • Chitra Srivastava
    • 1
  • Sezotalu Kezo
    • 3
  • Archana Tiwari
    • 1
  1. 1.Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity UniversityNoidaIndia
  2. 2.Vaugh Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and SciencesAllahabadIndia
  3. 3.Department of HorticultureSchool of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development (SASRD), Nagaland UniversityLumamiIndia

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