An Overview of the Epigenetic Landscape of the Male Germline
The challenges faced in agriculture for improving crop yield and overcoming natural barriers are becoming more complex due to environmental changes and population growth. Improving agriculture will, in many ways, require a better understanding of the genetics and epigenetics behind plant adaptation and inheritance of desirable traits. In order to do so, it is essential to understand the mechanisms of germline regulation. The epigenetic mechanisms that orchestrate chromatin remodeling include DNA methylation, histone modifications, and small RNAs that act in synergy to modulate gene expression and regulatory elements. In pollen, these mechanisms are still poorly understood, but nevertheless, are coming to light.
KeywordsPollen Epigenetics Small RNA DNA methylation Germline reprogramming
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