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Comparative Study of Cellulase Production Using Submerged and Solid-State Fermentation

  • Prabhakara Rao Dasari
  • Pramod W. Ramteke
  • Satyam Kesri
  • Prasada Rao Kongala
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

There’s an expanding demand for cellulases for different applications, among which the bioconversion of submerged and solid-state fermentation for cellulose production is the major one. Enhancements within the titers, as well as particular exercises of cellulases, are exceedingly wanted for its utility in bioethanol generation and other applications. This audit bargains with improvements in bioprocess innovations, solid-state and submerged maturation, as well as on the techniques embraced for progressing cellulase generation properties, counting designing the qualities. It moreover gives a brief diagram of commercially accessible cellulase arrangements. Submerged and solid-state fermentation have been widely used for the production of cellulose in a wide variety of substances that are highly beneficial to individuals and industry. Over a long time, maturation strategies have picked up monstrous significance due to their financial and natural preference development of new machinery and processes. Two broad fermentation techniques have emerged as a result of this rapid development: submerged fermentation (SmF) and solid-state fermentation (SSF). These methods have been in advance altered and refined to maximize efficiency. Discovery of the beneficial activity of several secondary metabolites produced by microorganisms (bioactive compounds) has resulted in the further exploration of fermentation as a production technique for these compounds. At the research level, both SSF and SmF have been used; however, some techniques yielded better results than others. Much work still needs to be done to identify the best fermentation technique for each bioactive compound. This paper presents the different fermentation techniques for the production of cellulose compound. This paper presents comparative analysis of submerge and solid state fermentations for production of cellulase.

Keywords

Cellulase enzyme Enzyme production Solid state fermentation Lignocellulosics biomass Biofuels 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prabhakara Rao Dasari
    • 1
  • Pramod W. Ramteke
    • 2
  • Satyam Kesri
    • 1
  • Prasada Rao Kongala
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture Technology and Sciences, Allahabad, Department of Biological Sciences, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture Technology & SciencesPrayagrajIndia
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesSam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences (SHUATS)AllahabadIndia

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