Advertisement

The Chinese Vision of BRI and Its Effects on Turkey and West Asia

  • Mustafa YildiranEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Asian Business Series book series (PAMABS)

Abstract

This chapter examines the importance of Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) for Turkey. It argues that with improved regional infrastructure and connectivity in West Asia, China will be able to access oil and natural gas resources and reach European and African markets. China’s growing consumption of oil and natural gas has caused an increase in its imports from Central Asia and the Caucasus and even the Gulf region. Turkey’s location has strategic advantage for China’s interest in terms of easier access to European markets and rich African natural resources. At the same time, China will obtain an alternative route against the Russian Corridor. The chapter shows that the BRI is the main platform of economic and political relations between Turkey and China, and Turkey will be a critical partner of China in the near future.

Keywords

Belt and Road Initiative New Silk Road Western Asian Corridor Turkey 

References

  1. Akçay, N. (2017). Turkey-China Relations Within the Concept of The New Silk Road Project, ANKASAM | Bölgesel Araştırmalar Dergisi, pp. 73–96. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/download/article-file/391676
  2. Bala, R., Matthew, Y., Chorthip, U., & Yann, L. (2017, November). Trade and Trade Facilitation Along the Belt and Road Initiative Corridors. ARTNeT Working Paper Series, No. 172, Bangkok, ESCAP.Google Scholar
  3. Batsaikhana, U., & Dabrowski, M. (2017). Central Asia – Twenty-Five Years After the Breakup of the USSR. Russian Journal of Economics, 3, 296–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brzezinski, Z. (1997). The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and Its Geostrategic Imperatives. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  5. Callahan, W. A. (2016). China’s Belt and Road Initiative and the New Eurasian Order. NUPI Policy Brief. Retrieved from https://brage.bibsys.no/xmlui/bitstream/handle/11250/2401876/NUPI_Policy_Brief_22-16_William_Callahan.pdf
  6. Chen, M. X. (2018). Foreign Investment Growth in the Belt and Road Economies. Retrieved from http://blogs.worldbank.org/trade/foreign-investment-growth-belt-and-road-economies
  7. Derudder, B., Joseph, R., Liu, X., & Kunaka, C. (2018). Connectivity Along Overland Corridors of the Belt and Road Initiative (English). MTI Discussion Paper; no. 6. Washington, DC: World Bank Group. Retrieved from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/264651538637972468/Connectivity-Along-Overland-Corridors-of-the-Belt-and-Road-Initiative
  8. Edwards, M. (2003). The New Great Game and the New Great Gamers: Disciples of Kipling and Mackinder. Central Asian Survey, 22(1), 83–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Guo, X., & Fidan, G. (2018). China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and Turkey’s Middle Corridor: ‘Win-Win Cooperation’? Retrieved from https://www.mei.edu/publications/chinas-belt-and-road-initiative-bri-and-turkeys-middle-corridor-win-win-cooperation
  10. HSBC. (2018). ‘Turkey Report’ Now, Next and How for Business, Navigator. Retrieved from https://www.business.hsbc.com.tr/tr-tr/search?query=navigator
  11. King, C., & Du, J. (2018). Could ‘Belt and Road’ Be the Last Step in China’s Asian Economic Integration? Journal of Contemporary China, 27(114), 811–830.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kohli, H. (2017). Looking at China’s Belt and Road Initiative from the Central Asian Perspective. Global Journal of Emerging Market Economies, 9(1–3), 3–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kunaka, C. (2018). Six Corridors of Integration: Connectivity Along the Overland Corridors of the Belt and Road Initiative. Retrieved from http://blogs.worldbank.org/trade/taxonomy/term/17986
  14. Lu, H., Rohr, C., Hafner, M., & Knack, A. (2018). China Belt and Road Initiative Measuring the Impact of Improving Transportation Connectivity on Trade in the Region. Rand Cooperation Research Report. Retrieved from https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR2625.html
  15. Manuel, A. (2017, October 17). China Is Quietly Reshaping the World. The Atlantic. Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2017/10/china-belt-and-road/542667/
  16. Ploberger, C. (2017). One Belt, One Road – China’s New Grand Strategy. Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, 15(3), 289–305.  https://doi.org/10.1080/14765284.2017.1346922CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Rong, Z. (2017). B&R Can Help Strengthen China-Turkey Ties. Global Times. Retrieved from http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1048523.shtml
  18. Sárvári, B., & Szeidovitz, A. (2018). Political Economics of the New Silk Road. In Y. Cheng, L. Song, & L. Huang (Eds.), The Belt & Road Initiative in the Global Arena (pp. 117–140). Singapore: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Starr, F. (2007). The New Silk Roads. Transport and Trade in Greater Central Asia. Retrieved from https://www.silkroadstudies.org/publications/
  20. Subodh Atal, S. (2005, Fall). The New Great Game the National Interest, No. 81, pp. 101–105. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/42897579
  21. Talbot, V. (2018). Turkey and China: Towards a Stronger Partnership? Turkey: Towards a Eurasian Shift? ISPI Report. Retrieved from https://www.ispionline.it/sites/default/files/pubblicazioni/turkey_report_.pdf
  22. The Economist. (2018a). China’s Belt-and-Road Plans Are to Be Welcomed – And Worried About. Retrieved from https://www.economist.com/leaders/2018/07/26/chinas-belt-and-road-plans-are-to-be-welcomed-and-worried-about
  23. The Economist. (2018b). Belt and Road Initiative Quarterly Q3. Retrieved from http://country.eiu.com/article.aspx?articleid=1727064356&Country=China&topic=Politics
  24. UNCTAD, WIR. (2018). World Investment Report. Retrieved from https://unctad.org/en/PublicationsLibrary/wir2018_en.pdf
  25. Vergeron, K. L. D. (2018). The New Silk Roads: European Perceptions and Perspectives. International Studies, 55(4), 339–349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wang, H., Zhekenov, D., & Kurmangali, M. (2018). Chinese Global Project: One Belt and One Road. International Relations and International Law Journal, 81(1), 28–35.Google Scholar
  27. Xi, C. (2013). Kazakhstan Speech. Retrieved from https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjdt_665385/zyjh_665391/t1078088.shtml
  28. Yang, G. (2014). World Energy Markets and China’s Relations with West Asia. Journal of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies (in Asia), 8(3), 1–24.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19370679.2014.12023249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Yildiran, M. (2010). Foreign Trade Strategy in the Existence Area of Turkey: Emerging Markets Originating from the East and the Economical Politics of New Orientations (Turkish). Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 15(1). Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/download/article-file/194610
  30. Yildiran, M. (2013). Silk Road Economies: An Alternative Vision for Turkey (İpekyolu Ekonomileri: Türkiye için Alternatif Vizyon), Hiperlink, İstanbul (ISBN: 978-9944-157-66-7).Google Scholar
  31. Zan, T. (2016). ‘Turkey Dream’ and the China-Turkish Cooperation Under ‘One Belt and One Road’ Initiative. Journal of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies (in Asia), 10(3), 50–72.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19370679.2016.12023287CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Economics and Administrative SciencesUniversity of AkdenizAntalyaTurkey

Personalised recommendations