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Mediating Post-electoral Violence in Kenya, 2007–2008

  • Lyn SnodgrassEmail author
  • Anne Oyier Achieng
Chapter

Abstract

Free and fair elections, accompanied by smooth transitions of democratically-elected leaders, constitute one of the key pillars of democracy but elections in Africa have consistently been violent – before, during and after the actual voting. The chapter investigates the Kenyan post-election violence, 2007–2008 and interrogated the role which mediation played in managing the violent consequences. With the aid of in-depth interviews and extensive document analysis, it reveals that electoral violence threatens to become an intractable source of conflict on the African continent, making it increasingly difficult for emerging democracies to consolidate their status as free, fair and legitimate. In addition, although the Kenyan mediation process included the signing of a peace agreement; the deep-rooted causes of electoral violence – corruption, weak institutions, abuse of state resources and the unjust electoral system – were not adequately addressed. Kenya’s electoral challenges can only be resolved through multi-stakeholder inclusion.

Keywords

Electoral violence Kenya Mediation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nelson Mandela UniversityPort ElizabethSouth Africa
  2. 2.Catholic University of Eastern AfricaNairobiKenya

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