In concluding this book, the Conclusion briefly talks about building sustainable local communities in view of the current situation in Japan. In this country, the word sustainability or the notion of building sustainable local communities tends to be understood, with an emphasis on global environmental issues and other aspects of the environment. Needless to say, the environment represents only one aspect of sustainability. In this book, the authors have actually used examples that study sustainability in Japan from non-environmental aspects. Through responding to the triple Ds, we, the Japanese people, may unexpectedly have been given an opportunity to transform our society.