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Formation and Development of “Disaster Resilience Theory” in Japan

  • Ryoga IshiharaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Japan has suffered enormous damage from large-scale disasters. Japan’s disaster management policies have been evolving every time the country has suffered damage from these catastrophes. This chapter overviews the characteristics of the damage incurred by two earthquake disasters, the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake and the Great East Japan Earthquake, which led to a significant shift in disaster management measures in Japan. Furthermore, this chapter examines the advantages and disadvantages of measures taken against the “Nankai Trough Megaquake”, which is predicted to occur in the near future. Based on these examinations, this chapter discusses the significance and goals of the disaster resilience theory. This chapter argues that the goals to be pursued in disaster resilience theory can be set as follows: minimising damage from crisis, realising rapid recovery and building sustainable and equitable cities. Initiatives need to be promoted from the aspects of both software and hardware.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ryukoku UniversityKyotoJapan

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