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Indications for Radial Head Arthroplasty and Classification of Current Implants

  • Giovanni MerollaEmail author
  • Antonio Padolino
  • Paolo Paladini
  • Giuseppe Porcellini
Chapter

Abstract

Radial head arthroplasty is indicated in patients with complex pattern of radial head fractures. Restoration of radiocapitellar contact is a key point of the treatment. Capitellum wear due to the use of implant arthroplasty remains a concern. Several systems of classification have been described for radial head fractures, including injuries of bone and ligaments. Prosthetic models for radial head replacement can be divided into (1) silicone prostheses, (2) unipolar and bipolar, (3) monoblock and modular, (4) anatomical and non-anatomical, and (5) cemented and press-fit. Arthroplasty is indicated for Mason type III and IV radial head fractures. The goal of arthroplasty is the restoration of radiocapitellar stability, preservation of range of motion, and preservation of appropriate radial length in patients with complex radial head fractures.

Keywords

Radial head Fracture Arthroplasty Indication Current implants 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giovanni Merolla
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Antonio Padolino
    • 1
    • 2
  • Paolo Paladini
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Porcellini
    • 1
  1. 1.Shoulder and Elbow Unit, D. Cervesi HospitalCattolica–AUSL della Romagna Ambito RiminiRiminiItaly
  2. 2.Biomechanics Laboratory, D. Cervesi HospitalCattolica–AUSL della Romagna Ambito RiminiRiminiItaly

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