Zeitgeist Analysis of Globalization Spirit: A Philosophical Approach

  • Amir Forouharfar
Part of the Contributions to Economics book series (CE)


The goal of this chapter is to discuss globalization ontology through the zeitgeists of historical eras. Zeitgeist or spirit of the age study of each influential age contributes dramatically to cogent comprehension of economic, social, political, cultural, and historical backgrounds and atmospheres, which have collectively molded globalization into a stupendous phenomenon. Moreover, the paper has scrutinized the concept of globalization to see whether it is an ancient concept in a new disguise or a modern all-inclusive phenomenon. Hence, the study is mostly analytical and rests upon secondary data through library study. The originality of the study lies not only in the philosophical application of zeitgeist concept for the analysis of globalization’s nature but also in the introduction of subject matter’s initial Dismantling (to its reductionistic integral characteristics) and its subsequent Mantling (to envisage them in their holistic crystallization) as a useful complementary approach to benefit both from Reductionism and Holism perspectives for the ontological discussions of immediately sophisticated and broad-ranging phenomena. Additionally, the potential implication of the study would be its contribution in theorizing globalization as a dialectical context-related phenomenon, which will undergo future metamorphic evolution by the changes in the requisites of Times (Zeit’s) and their Spirits (Geist’s).


Zeitgeist Globalization’s nature Globalization’s context Philosophical underpinning of globalization Globalization’s ontology Globalization’s spirit Zeitgeist analysis 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amir Forouharfar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Public AdministrationUniversity of Sistan and BaluchestanZahedanIran

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