Cultural Globalization: A Critical Analysis of Identity Crises in the Developing Economies

  • M. Rezaul Islam
  • Haris Abd. Wahab
  • Cristiano Franco Burmester
  • Shofiqur Rahman Chowdhury
Part of the Contributions to Economics book series (CE)


Cultural globalization and local identity are two indivisible words. There is a crucial debate whether cultural globalization thrives or deteriorates local identity. The main objective of this chapter is to justify whether cultural globalization is a threat to local identity. This study used a qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis (QIMS) that reviews literature on cultural globalization in the developing economies. Results showed that in many countries especially in the developing one, cultural globalization has emerged as a threat to local identity. As a result, these countries perceive a number of socioeconomic, cultural, and psychological problems such as poverty and social inequality, erasure of local cultures and heritages, regional disparity, and lack of development ownership. Many of these aspects are closely related with the threat to local identity. This chapter argues that there are many benefits of globalization, but the vast negative consequences are related with the scope of local identity such as cultural dislocation and displacement, cultural realm, breaking cultural autonomy, diffuse cultural traits, and destruction of local traditions and occupations. The finding would be useful to development thinkers, policymakers, and cultural activists.


Globalization Cultural globalization Local identity Local culture Local heritage Developing countries 



We would like to acknowledge the financial support provided by the University of Malaya under the Equitable Society Research Cluster (ESRC) research grant RP0 24C-15SBS.


  1. Aguirre RT, Bolton KM (2013) Why do they do it? A qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis of crisis volunteers’ motivations. Soc Work Res 37(4):327–338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alfasi N, Fenster T (2005) A tale of two cities: Jerusalem and Tel Aviv in an age of globalization. Cities 22(5):351–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Allen T, Skelton T (eds) (2005) Culture and global change. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  4. Babran S (2008) Media, globalization of culture, and identity crisis in developing countries. Intercult Commun Stud 17(2):212–221Google Scholar
  5. Bauman Z (1998) On glocalization: or globalization for some, localization for some others. Thesis Eleven 54(1):37–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bhavsar V, Bhugra D (2008) Religious delusions: finding meanings in psychosis. Psychopathology 41(3):165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bhugra D, Mastrogianni A (2004) Globalization and mental disorders. Br J Psychiatry 184(1):10–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bird A, Fang T (2009) Cross cultural management in the age of globalization. Int J Cross-cult Manag 9(2):139–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bottomore T, Goode P (1984) Austro-marxism. Stud Sov Thought 27:66–71Google Scholar
  10. Carnoy M, Hallak J, Caillods F (1999) Globalization and educational reform: what planners need to know. UNESCO, International Institute for Educational Planning, ParisGoogle Scholar
  11. Carr SC (2006) Globalization and culture at work: exploring their combined glocality. Springer Science & Business Media, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Castells M (1996) The rise of network the society. Blackwell Publishing, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  13. Castells M (1999) Information technology, globalization and social development, vol 114. United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  14. Chowdhury SR, Wahab HA, Islam MR (2018) The role of faith-based NGOs in social development: invisible empowerment. Int Soc Work.
  15. Coldwell-Harris CL, Aycicegi A (2006) When personality and culture clash: the psychological distress of allocentrics in an individualistic culture and idiocentrics in a collectivistic culture. Transcult Psychiatry 43(3):331–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dalby S (2007) Globalization, geography and environmental security. In: Kofman E, Youngs G (eds) Globalization: theory and practice. Continuum, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Dorman P (2000) Actually existing globalization. In: Rethinking globalization(s). Palgrave Macmillan, London, pp 32–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Erickson B, Roberts M (1997) Marketing local identity. J Urban Des 2(1):35–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Eslake S (2000) The drivers of globalization. Presentation to a Regional Defence Seminar hosted by the Australian Department of Defence Cypress Lakes Resort. New South Wales, 20 Nov 2000Google Scholar
  20. Haslam SA (2001) Your wish is our command: the role of shared social identity. Social identity processes in organizational contexts, p 213Google Scholar
  21. Horowitz D (2000) Betty Friedan and the making of the feminine mystique: the American left, the Cold War, and modern feminism. University of Massachusetts Press, AmherstGoogle Scholar
  22. Howes D (ed) (1996) Cross-cultural consumption: global markets, local realities. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  23. Inglehart R (2000) Globalization and postmodern values. Wash Q 23(1):215–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Islam MR (2009) Indigenous knowledge and globalization in Bangladesh: NGOs’ capacity for social capital and community development. PhD Thesis, University of Nottingham, UKGoogle Scholar
  25. Islam MR (2014a) Improving development ownership among the vulnerable people: challenges of NGOs’ community empowerment projects in Bangladesh. Asian Soc Work Policy Rev 8(3):193–209. (Wiley)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Islam MR (2014b) NGOs’ role for social capital and community empowerment in community development: experience from Bangladesh. Asian Soc Work Policy Rev 8(3):261–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Islam MR (2016) NGOs, social capital and community empowerment in Bangladesh. Palgrave Macmillan, SingaporeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Islam MR (2017a) NGO community empowerment projects in Bangladesh: how do these fit the local context. Local Econ 32(7):763–777CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Islam MR (2017b) Non-governmental organizations and community development in Bangladesh. Int Soc Work 60(2):479–493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Islam MR, Hossain D (2014) Island char resources mobilization (ICRM): changes of livelihoods of vulnerable people in Bangladesh. Soc Indic Res 117(3):1033–1054CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Islam MR, Morgan WJ (2012) Non-governmental organizations in Bangladesh: their contribution to social capital development and community empowerment. Community Dev Journal 47(3):369–338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Islam MR, Mungai NW (2016) Forced eviction in Bangladesh: a human rights issue. Int Soc Work 59(4):494–507CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Islam MR, Wahab HA, Chowdhury SR (2018) The impacts of globalization on local identity: comparative study between Southeast Asia and Latin America. University of Malay, Kuala LumpurGoogle Scholar
  34. Jones RW, Kierzkowski H (2004) 10 globalization and the consequences of international fragmentation. In: Money, capital mobility, and trade: essays in honor of Robert A. Mundell. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, p 365Google Scholar
  35. Jönsson K (2010) Unity-in-diversity?: regional identity-building in Southeast Asia. J Curr SE Asian Aff 29(2):41–72Google Scholar
  36. Kaul V (2012) Globalization and crisis of cultural identity. J Res Int Bus Manag 2(13):341–349Google Scholar
  37. Kinnvall C, Jönsson K (eds) (2002) Globalization and democratization in Asia: the construction of identity. Psychology Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  38. Köchler H (1986) The relation of man and world. Existential and phenomenological perspectives. In: Köchler H (ed) Phenomenological realism. Selected essays. Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main, pp 45–58Google Scholar
  39. Livesey C (2004) Culture and identity, sociological pathways.
  40. Lloyd PJ (1998) Globalisation and competition policies. Weltwirtschaftliches Arch 134(2):161–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Marshall MG (2005) Current status of the world’s major episodes of political violence. Report to Political Instability Task Force, 3 February 2005Google Scholar
  42. Mittelman JH (2000) The globalization syndrome: transformation and resistance. Princeton University Press, PrincetonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Morley D (2000) Home territories: media, mobility, identity. CRC Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  44. Muzaffar C (2002) Globalization and religion: some reflections. Retrieved Dec 2012
  45. Nash K (2001) The ‘cultural turn’ in social theory: towards a theory of cultural politics. Sociology 35(1):77–92Google Scholar
  46. Naz A, Khan W, Daraz U, Hussain M (2012) The crises of identity: globalization and its impacts on socio-cultural and psychological identity among Pakhtuns of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan.
  47. Ohmae K (1990) The borderless world. Collins, LondonGoogle Scholar
  48. Ohmae K (1995) Putting global logic first. Harv Bus Rev 73:119–125Google Scholar
  49. Ramsaran D, Price DV (2003) Globalization: a critical framework for understanding contemporary social processes. Globalizations 3(2):15–32Google Scholar
  50. Reza MM, Subramaniam T, Islam MR (2018) Economic and social well-being of Asian labour migrants: a literature review. Soc Indic Res.
  51. Ritzer G (2008) Sociological theory. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  52. Robert B, Lajtha C (2002) A new approach to crisis management. J Conting Crisis Manag 10(4):181–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Ruiz E, Praetorius RT (2016) Deciphering the lived experience of Latinos with diabetes and depression: a qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis. Soc Work Public Health 31(2):70–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Rummens J (1993) Personal identity and social structure in Sint Maartin/Saint Martin: a plural identities approach. Unpublished Thesis/Dissertation, York UniversityGoogle Scholar
  55. Salzman MB (2001) Globalization, culture, and anxiety: perspectives and predictions from terror management theory. J Soc Distress Homeless 10(4):337–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Scholte JA (2000) What is ‘global’ about globalization? Macmillan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  57. Scott AJ (1997) The cultural economy of cities. Int J Urban Reg Res 21(2):323–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Sharma S, Sharma M (2010) Globalization, threatened identities, coping and well-being. Psychol Stud 55(4):313–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Tembo F (2004) NGDOs’ role in building poor people’s capacity to benefit from globalization. J Int Dev 16(7):1023–1037CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Tomlinson J (1999) Globalization and culture. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, ILGoogle Scholar
  61. Vukić F (2012) Communicating local and collective identity: sustainable development as creative collaborative practice. In: Arte-Polis 4 international conference creative connectivity and the making of place, living smart by design, January 2012Google Scholar
  62. Zhuojun W, Hualing H (2014) National identity in the era of globalization: crisis and reconstruction. Soc Sci China 35(2):139–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Rezaul Islam
    • 1
    • 2
  • Haris Abd. Wahab
    • 2
  • Cristiano Franco Burmester
    • 3
  • Shofiqur Rahman Chowdhury
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Social Welfare & ResearchUniversity of DhakaDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of Social Administration & Justice, Faculty of Arts & Social SciencesUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of JournalismPontifical Catholic University of São PauloSao PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Department of Social WorkShahjalal University of Science & TechnologySylhetBangladesh

Personalised recommendations