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Cultural Globalization: A Critical Analysis of Identity Crises in the Developing Economies

  • M. Rezaul Islam
  • Haris Abd. Wahab
  • Cristiano Franco Burmester
  • Shofiqur Rahman Chowdhury
Chapter
Part of the Contributions to Economics book series (CE)

Abstract

Cultural globalization and local identity are two indivisible words. There is a crucial debate whether cultural globalization thrives or deteriorates local identity. The main objective of this chapter is to justify whether cultural globalization is a threat to local identity. This study used a qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis (QIMS) that reviews literature on cultural globalization in the developing economies. Results showed that in many countries especially in the developing one, cultural globalization has emerged as a threat to local identity. As a result, these countries perceive a number of socioeconomic, cultural, and psychological problems such as poverty and social inequality, erasure of local cultures and heritages, regional disparity, and lack of development ownership. Many of these aspects are closely related with the threat to local identity. This chapter argues that there are many benefits of globalization, but the vast negative consequences are related with the scope of local identity such as cultural dislocation and displacement, cultural realm, breaking cultural autonomy, diffuse cultural traits, and destruction of local traditions and occupations. The finding would be useful to development thinkers, policymakers, and cultural activists.

Keywords

Globalization Cultural globalization Local identity Local culture Local heritage Developing countries 

Notes

Acknowledgement

We would like to acknowledge the financial support provided by the University of Malaya under the Equitable Society Research Cluster (ESRC) research grant RP0 24C-15SBS.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Rezaul Islam
    • 1
    • 2
  • Haris Abd. Wahab
    • 2
  • Cristiano Franco Burmester
    • 3
  • Shofiqur Rahman Chowdhury
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Social Welfare & ResearchUniversity of DhakaDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of Social Administration & Justice, Faculty of Arts & Social SciencesUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of JournalismPontifical Catholic University of São PauloSao PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Department of Social WorkShahjalal University of Science & TechnologySylhetBangladesh

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