Advertisement

Change in Social Stratification in the Greece of Crisis (2009–2017)

  • Spyros Sakellaropoulos
Chapter

Abstract

The economic crisis brought about significant changes in the country’s social stratification. Sections of the bourgeoisie either disappeared altogether due to bankruptcy of their businesses or were relegated to petty bourgeois status given the contraction of their economic activities, a fact which had led to the growth of the traditional petty bourgeois class. In contrast, some other sections of the bourgeoisie became more prosperous. The new petty bourgeoisie went into decline and, changing employment, former petty bourgeois joined the working class, whose proportional presence in the workforce as a whole increased significantly. The rural sector saw overall contraction in all three social categories (rich, medium and poor rural strata), a development which is judged to have contributed to greater concentration in land ownership.

References

  1. Althusser L., 2001, “Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses” in L. Althusser, Lenin and Philosophy and other essays, London and New York: Monthly Review Press, pp. 127–186.Google Scholar
  2. Bensaid D., 1995, Marx l΄intempestif, Fayard: Paris.Google Scholar
  3. Bihr A., 1989, Entre Bourgeoisie et Prolétariat, Paris: L’ Harmattan.Google Scholar
  4. Bouvier-Ajam M. and G. Mury. 1963, Les classes sociales en France, Paris: Editions Sociales.Google Scholar
  5. Carchedi G., 1977, On the Economic Identification of Social Classes, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. Croix de ste G., 1984, “Class in Marx’s Conception of History, Ancient and Modern”, New Left Review no 146, pp. 94–111.Google Scholar
  7. Gramsci A., 1972, The intellectuals. Athens: Stochastis (in Greek).Google Scholar
  8. Hellenic Statistical Authority (ESYE), 2009, Concise Statistical Yearbook, Athens (in Greek).Google Scholar
  9. Hellenic Statistical Authority (ESYE), 2010, Census of Agricultural and Livestock Holdings, Athens (in Greek).Google Scholar
  10. Hellenic Statistical Authority (ESYE), Labour Force Survey 2nd Quarter 2017, Athens (in Greek).Google Scholar
  11. Iordanoglou C., 2013, State and interest groups, Athens: Polis.Google Scholar
  12. Johnson T., 1977, “What is to be known?”. Economy and Society, vol 6 no 2, pp. 194–233.Google Scholar
  13. Kappos T., 2004, The social structure of the Greek modern society, Athens: Alitheia.Google Scholar
  14. Lenin V. I., 1977, A Great Beginning, Peking: Foreign Languages Press.Google Scholar
  15. Lytras A., 1993, Introduction to the Theory of Greek social structure, Athens: Livanis (in Greek).Google Scholar
  16. Meiksins P., 1986, “Beyond the boundary question”, New Left Review no 154, pp. 101–120.Google Scholar
  17. Milios G., 2002, “The question of the petty bourgeoisie. A single class or two discrete class aggregations?” Theseis no 81, pp. 59–80. [in Greek.]Google Scholar
  18. Pan-Hellenic Confederation of Agricultural Co-operatives, 2013, Recent developments in the Greek rural economy.Google Scholar
  19. Panitsidis G., 1992, Approaches to the class structure of our farm economy, Athens: Synchroni Epochi (In Greek).Google Scholar
  20. Petropoulos D., 2013, “The public servants: victims of the memoranda policy”, Aristeri Syspeirosi no 26, pp. 47–56.Google Scholar
  21. Sakellaropoulos S., 2001, Greece in the post-junta period 1974–1988, Αthens: Livanis (in Greek).Google Scholar
  22. Sakellaropoulos S., 2014, Crisis and social stratification in the Greece of the 21st century, Athens: Topos (in Greek).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Spyros Sakellaropoulos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Social PolicyPanteion UniversityAthensGreece

Personalised recommendations