Turkey’s Renewable Energy Prospects Toward the 100th Anniversary of the Republic

  • Çiğdem PekarEmail author


As a developing country, Turkey’s population and economy are growing fast and so is its need for energy. However, only around 25% of the country’s energy supply is met by domestic production. Turkey is highly dependent on gas imports from the Russian Federation and oil imports from the Islamic Republic of Iran. Thus, Turkey’s energy policy has continuously evolved to meet the needs of its growing economy and population.

Turkey’s energy mix has been mostly dominated by fossil fuels (around 80%). In 2009, the Turkish government led by the Justice and Development Party (AKP) announced its new energy targets under the Strategic Vision 2023—the date of the 100th anniversary of the Republic of Turkey. In the following period, the Turkish government also adopted further strategies and action plans on renewable energy, energy efficiency and climate change for the year 2023. It is obvious that priority areas in these strategies and plans are renewables. Turkey targets a 30% share of renewable energy in the electricity mix by the target date. To this end, the government aims to accelerate utilization of the country’s potential for renewable energy, particularly hydro, wind, solar and geothermal energy. Renewable energy regulations are still developing in Turkey.

Turkey’s ambitious renewable energy vision for the year 2023 includes significant targets: 34,000 MW capacity of hydropower plants; 20,000 MW capacity of wind power plants; 5000 MW of solar power plants; 1000 MW geothermal energy; and 1000 MW installed capacity for biomass energy. In total, by 2023, around 60 GW of renewable energy is aimed to be installed in the country.

This study aims to analyze Turkey’s renewable energy prospects towards the 100th anniversary of the Turkish Republic. Following the assessment of current energy status, in Turkey, the study will evaluate the potential and planned role of the renewables in Turkey’s energy mix by evaluating energy data, official strategy documents and statistics collection. It will conclude by making a projection regarding potential problems and challenges the government would face while implementing key policies towards renewable energy.


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of International Relations, Faculty of Political ScienceÇanakkale Onsekiz Mart UniversityÇanakkaleTurkey

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