This concluding chapter takes the reader through a history of Turkey’s party system and demonstrates how changes in social structures have resulted in the formation of parties and its constituencies. It also assesses the impact of institutional factors such as coup d’états on parties. For instance, it summarises to the reader how the post-modern coup d’état, subsequent closure of the Islamist Refah Partisi (Welfare Party, RP), and later closure of the Fazilet Partisi (Virtue Party, FP), predecessor of the RP, allowed some former members to embrace a less Islamist discourse as a way to build a wider constituency. It concludes that even though the Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi, JDP) and Erdoğan assured victory in the June 2018 elections, this will cause tension in society among the opposition especially given signs of impending downturn. Despite this, Turkish society’s dynamism and strong middle classes would provide a bulwark against chaos.