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Atrial Septal Defect, Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return, Scimitar Syndrome, Robotic Closure of Atrial Septal Defect

  • Constantine Mavroudis
  • Joseph A. Dearani
Chapter

Abstract

Atrial septal defects (ASDs) can be characterized as a hole somewhere in the atrial septum. The hole allows blood to flow between the left and right atria, resulting in pulmonary overcirculation in the case of low pulmonary vascular resistance (left-to-right shunt) or cyanosis in the case of high pulmonary vascular resistance (right-to-left shunt; Eisenmenger’s syndrome).

Keywords

Adult congenital heart surgery Atrial septal defect Scimitar syndrome Partial anomalous venous return ASD closure 

Abbreviations

Ao

Aorta

ASD

Atrial septal defect

AV

Atrioventricular

CS

Coronary sinus

ICV

Inferior caval vein

LA

Left atrium

LAA

Left atrial appendage

LPA

Left pulmonary artery

LPV

Left pulmonary vein

MV

Mitral valve

PA

Pulmonary artery

PFO

Patent foramen ovale

PTFE

Polytetrafluoroethylene

RA

Right atrium or right arch

RAA

Right atrial appendage

RLPV

Right lower pulmonary vein

RMPV

Right middle pulmonary vein

RPV

Right pulmonary vein

RUPV

Right upper pulmonary vein

RV

Right ventricle

SCV

Superior caval vein

SV

Sinus venosus

TV

Tricuspid valve

VV

Vertical vein

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Constantine Mavroudis
    • 1
  • Joseph A. Dearani
    • 2
  1. 1.Professor of SurgeryJohns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins All Children’s HospitalSt. PetersburgUSA
  2. 2.Professor of Surgery, Department of Cardiac SurgeryMayo ClinicRochesterUSA

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