Pacemaker Lead Management Strategies
Implantable pacemakers and cardioverter defibrillators have dramatically improved the lives of countless patients over the past 50 years. Pacemaker functions include atrioventricular sensing and pacing options to mimic normal sinus rhythm, burst pacing based on algorithms to treat atrial reentry tachycardia, and biventricular pacing to coordinate ventricular contraction. Implantable cardioverter defibrillators terminate dangerous rapid heart rhythms by delivering an electric shock. Implantable cardiac devices have expanded the clinician’s ability to treat complex life-threatening arrhythmias, with approximately 400,000 devices implanted each year in the United States. At the present time, there are over three million patients with implanted cardiac devices.
KeywordsPacemaker leads Infected pacemaker leads Lead extraction
Automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator
Superior caval vein also known as superior vena cava (SVC)