• Ray Wang
Part of the Human Rights Interventions book series (HURIIN)


Transnational activism does not always require “internationalism,” the key mechanism promoted by mainstream literature. In a country like China, the contentious space provided by international organizations and international non-governmental organizations is often rejected by religious advocacy groups as the focal point or basis of their campaigns, because it would be too dangerous and counterproductive to adopt such an approach. An alternative route of transnational connection is necessary. Through in-depth field studies and carefully constructed comparisons, I heard similar stories of activism that demonstrate a more inclusive and bottom-up approach of transnational activism. Under the authoritarian rule, local opportunists help to market their foreign advocates to people in power, not the other way around. In return, the advocacy network is able to provide funding and services to empower both opportunists and protestors on the ground. The stories depart from the typical patterns of transnational advocacy networks that are argued in mainstream scholarship.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ray Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate Institute of East Asian StudiesNational Chengchi UniversityTaipei CityTaiwan

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