Occipital Nerve Stimulation
Neuromodulation is described by the International Neuromodulation Society as “The alteration of nerve activity through targeted delivery of a stimulus, such as electrical stimulation or chemical agents, to specific neurological sites in the body”. It is an emerging class of therapy that targets the nervous system at specific sites to alter its function or to suppress abnormal activity. This is currently done by implanting small devices to specific areas of the nervous system such as the spinal cord, brain or peripheral nerves. The current process of implantation involves surgery; most techniques are minimally invasive and serious adverse events are rare. Once in place the implants have the advantage of targeting specific areas of the nervous system without systemic side effects of medication and a much longer duration of therapy compared to established preventive treatments.
KeywordsOccipital nerve stimulation Refractory headache Chronic migraine Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias
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