Neuromodulation and Other Non-pharmacological Approaches in Tension-Type Headache

  • Licia GrazziEmail author
  • Eleonora Grignani
  • Emanuela Sansone
  • Miguel J. A. Láinez
  • Jésica García-Ull
Part of the Headache book series (HEAD)


Tension-type headache is the most frequent primary headache and, in its chronic form, generates significant disability. A lot of pharmacological therapies have been tried, but in many cases, there is resistance to treatment. In the pathophysiology of tension headache, both central and peripheral mechanisms are involved, which can potentially be modified by non-pharmacological and neuromodulation techniques.


Tension-type headache Neuromodulation Preventive treatment Non-pharmacological 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Licia Grazzi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eleonora Grignani
    • 1
  • Emanuela Sansone
    • 1
  • Miguel J. A. Láinez
    • 2
  • Jésica García-Ull
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of NeuroalgologyNeurological Institute C. Besta IRCCS FoundationMilanItaly
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyUniversity Clinic Hospital of ValenciaValenciaSpain

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