Advertisement

Crime in Japan pp 187-214 | Cite as

Biosocial Interactions

  • Laura Bui
  • David P. Farrington
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Advances in Criminology and Criminal Justice in Asia book series (PACCJA)

Abstract

In the penultimate chapter, biosocial interactions are the focus. Very little research has been done directly on the biosocial approach in Japan, but studies from the fields of psychology and psychiatry on Japanese populations indicate promising future avenues in examining these interactions. Psychopathy and sexual offending are examined within the context of biosocial explanations. Specifically, studies have examined the applicability of findings on the brain and personality of psychopaths and sex offenders. Studies of sex offenders have evaluated the effectiveness of prison rehabilitation programmes, in particular, cognitive-behavioural therapy. The effectiveness of omega-3 supplements in reducing violence and offending is discussed, as Japan was found to have the comparatively highest seafood consumption and lowest homicide rate.

References

  1. Barnes, J. C., and Brian B. Boutwell. 2015. “Biosocial Criminology: The Emergence of a New and Diverse Perspective.” Criminal Justice Studies 28 (1): 1–5.Google Scholar
  2. Benedict, Ruth. 1946. The Chrysanthemum and the Sword. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  3. Blair, James R. 2000. “Neurobiological Basis of Psychopathy.” British Journal of Psychiatry 182: 5–7.Google Scholar
  4. Burt, Grant N., Mark E. Olver, and Stephen C. P. Wong. 2016. “Investigating Characteristics of the Nonrecidivating Psychopathic Offender.” Criminal Justice and Behavior 43 (12): 1741–60.Google Scholar
  5. Choy, Olivia, Adrian Raine, Jill Portnoy, Anna Rudo-Hutt, Yu Gao, and Liana Soyfer. 2015. “The Mediating Role of Heart Rate on the Social Adversity-Antisocial Behavior Relationship: A Social Neurocriminology Perspective.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 52 (3): 303–41.Google Scholar
  6. Farrington, David P., and Darrick Jolliffe. 2015. “Personality and Crime.” In International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, edited by James D. Wright, Vol. 17, 774–79. Oxford: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  7. Farrington, David P., and Henriette Bergstrøm. 2018. “Family Background and Psychopathy.” In Handbook of Psychopathy, edited by Christopher J. Patrick, 354–79. London: Guildford Press.Google Scholar
  8. Fishbein, Diana. 1990. “Biological Perspectives in Criminology.” Criminology 28 (1): 27–72.Google Scholar
  9. Fujioka, Nami, Toshio Kobayashi, and Sue Turale. 2012. “Short-Term Behavioral Changes in Pregnant Women After a Quit-Smoking Program via E-Learning: A Descriptive Study from Japan.” Nursing and Health Science 14: 304–11.Google Scholar
  10. Fujiwara, Takeo, Jun Ito, and Ichiro Kawachi. 2013. “Income Inequality, Parental Socioeconomic Status, and Birth Outcomes in Japan.” American Journal of Epidemiology 177 (10): 1042–52.Google Scholar
  11. Gajos, Jamie M., and Kevin M. Beaver. 2016. “The Effect of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Aggression: A Meta-Analysis.” Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 69: 147–158.Google Scholar
  12. Gao, Yu, and Adrian Raine. 2010. “Successful and Unsuccessful Psychopaths: A Neurobiological Model.” Behavioral Sciences and the Law 210: 194–210.Google Scholar
  13. Gao, Yu, Adrian Raine, Frances Chan, Peter H. Venables, and Sarnoff A. Mednick. 2010. “Early Maternal and Paternal Bonding, Childhood Physical Abuse and Adult Psychopathic Personality.” Psychological Medicine 40: 1007–16.Google Scholar
  14. Glenn, Andrea L., and Adrian Raine. 2014. Psychopathy: An Introduction to Biological Findings and Their Implications. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Goldfarb, Kathryn E. 2015. “Social Science & Medicine Developmental Logics: Brain Science, Child Welfare, and the Ethics of Engagement in Japan.” Social Science & Medicine 143: 271–78.Google Scholar
  16. Hamazaki, Tomohito, Shigeki Sawazaki, Miho Itomura, Etsuko Asaoka, Yoko Nagao, Nozomi Nishimura, Kazunaga Yazawa, Toyomi Kuwamori, and Masashi Kobayashi. 1996. “The Effect of Docosahexaenoic Acid on Aggression in Young Adults.” Journal of Clinical Investigation 97 (4): 1129–33. Google Scholar
  17. Hannay, Timo. 2015. “Nature Versus Nurture.” In This Idea Must Die, edited by John Brockman, 179–81. New York: HarperCollins.Google Scholar
  18. Hare, Robert D. 1991. The Psychopathy Checklist—Revised (PCL–R). Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.Google Scholar
  19. Hayashi, Kunihiko, Yoshio Matsuda, Yayoi Kawamichi, Arihiro Shiozaki, and Shigeru Saito. 2011. “Smoking During Pregnancy Increases Risks of Various Obstetric Complications: A Case-Cohort Study of the Japan Perinatal Registry Network Database.” Journal of Epidemiology 21 (1): 61–66.Google Scholar
  20. Hibbeln, Joseph R. 2001. “Seafood Consumption and Homicide Mortality: A Cross-National Ecological Analysis.” World Review of Nutritional Dietetics 88: 41–46.Google Scholar
  21. Hibbeln, Joseph R., Teresa A. Ferguson, Tanya L. Blasbalg. 2006. “International Review of Psychiatry Omega-3 Fatty Acid Deficiencies in Neurodevelopment, Aggression and Autonomic Dysregulation: Opportunities for Intervention.” International Review of Psychiatry 18 (2): 107–18.Google Scholar
  22. Horii, Mitsutoshi, and Adam Burgess. 2012. “Constructing Sexual Risk: ‘Chikan’, Collapsing Male Authority and the Emergence of Women-Only Train Carriages in Japan.” Health, Risk and Society 14 (1): 41–55.Google Scholar
  23. Isumi, Aya, and Takeo Fujiwara. 2016. “Association of Adverse Childhood Experiences with Shaking and Smothering Behaviors Among Japanese Caregivers.” Child Abuse & Neglect 57: 12–20.Google Scholar
  24. Itomura, Miho, Kei Hamazaki, Shigeki Sawazaki, and Makoto Kobayashi. 2005. “The Effect of Fish Oil on Physical Aggression in Schoolchildren—A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.” Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 16: 163–71.Google Scholar
  25. Kashiwagi, Hiroko, Noriomi Kuroki, Satoru Ikezawa, Masateru Matsushita, Masanori Ishikawa, Kazuyuki Nakagome, Naotsugu Hirabayashi, and Manabu Ikeda. 2015. “Neurocognitive Features in Male Patients with Schizophrenia Exhibiting Serious Violence: A Case Control Study.” Annals of General Psychiatry 21 (2): 307–17.Google Scholar
  26. Katsuta, Satoshi, and Kyoko Hazama. 2016. “Cognitive Distortions of Child Molesters on Probation or Parole in Japan.” Japanese Psychological Research 58 (2): 163–74.Google Scholar
  27. Kikuchi, George. 2015. “Precursor Events of Sex Crimes in Japan: A Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Reports of Contacts with Suspicious Persons by Target Age Groups.” International Journal of Criminal Justice Sciences 10 (2): 122–38.Google Scholar
  28. Kuroki, Noriomi, Hiroko Kashiwagi, Miho Ota, Masanori Ishikawa, Hiroshi Kunugi, Noriko Sato, Naotsugu Hirabayashi, and Toshio Ota. 2017. “Brain Structure Differences Among Male Schizophrenic Patients with History of Serious Violent Acts: An MRI Voxel-Based Morphometric Study.” BMC Psychiatry 17 (1): 105.Google Scholar
  29. Lewis, Charlie, Masuo Koyasu, Seungmi Oh, Ayako Ogawa, Benjamin Short, and Zhao Huang. 2009. “Culture, Executive Function, and Social Understanding.” New Directions in Child and Adolescent Development, 123: 69–85.Google Scholar
  30. Masui, Keita, and Michio Nomura. 2011. “The Effects of Reward and Punishment on Response Inhibition in Non-clinical Psychopathy.” Personality and Individual Differences 50 (1): 69–73.Google Scholar
  31. Masui, Keita, Shouichi Iriguchi, Michio Nomura, and Mitsuhiro Ura. 2011. “Amount of Altruistic Punishment Accounts for Subsequent Emotional Gratification in Participants with Primary Psychopathy.” Personality and Individual Differences 51 (7): 823–28.Google Scholar
  32. Masui, Keita, Shouichi Iriguchi, Miki Terada, Michio Nomura, and Mitsuhiro Ura. 2012. “Lack of Family Support and Psychopathy Facilitates Antisocial Punishment Behavior in College Students.” Psychology 3 (3): 284–88.Google Scholar
  33. Masui, Keita, Hiroshi Fujiwara, and Mitsuhiro Ura. 2013. “Social Exclusion Mediates the Relationship Between Psychopathy and Aggressive Humor Style in Noninstitutionalized Young Adults.” Personality and Individual Differences 55 (2): 180–84.Google Scholar
  34. Matsushima, Yuko. 2016. “The Inter-Rater Reliability of the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised in Practical Field Settings.” Masters thesis, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale.Google Scholar
  35. Miller, Laurence. 2014. “Rape: Sex Crime, Act of Violence, or Naturalistic Adaptation?” Aggression and Violent Behavior 19 (1): 67–81.Google Scholar
  36. Miura, Hideki. 2009. “Differences in Frontal Lobe Function Between Violent and Nonviolent Conduct Disorder in Male Adolescents.” Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 63: 161–66.Google Scholar
  37. Miura, Hideki, and Yasuyuki Fuchigami. 2017. “Impaired Executive Function in 14- to 16-Year-Old Boys with Conduct Disorder Is Related to Recidivism: A Prospective Longitudinal Study.” Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health 27 (2): 136–45.Google Scholar
  38. Miura, Hideki, Masumi Fujiki, Arihiro Shibata, and Kenji Ishikawa. 2005. “Influence of History of Head Trauma and Epilepsy on Delinquents in a Juvenile Classification Home.” Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 59 (6): 661–65.Google Scholar
  39. Miyaguchi, Koji, and Sadaaki Shirataki. 2014. “Executive Functioning Problems of Juvenile Sex Offenders with Low Levels of Measured Intelligence.” Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability 39 (3): 253–60.Google Scholar
  40. Miyaguchi, Koji, Naomi Matsuura, Sadaaki Shirataki, and Kiyoshi Maeda. 2012. “Cognitive Training for Delinquents Within a Residential Service in Japan.” Children and Youth Services Review 34 (9): 1762–68. Google Scholar
  41. Nanri, Akiko, Tetsuya Mizoue, Kalpana Poudel-tandukar, Mitsuhiko Noda, and Masayuki Kato. 2013. “Dietary Patterns and Suicide in Japanese Adults: The Japan Public Health Center-Based Prospective Study.” British Journal of Psychiatry 203: 422–27.Google Scholar
  42. Ogasawara, Kazumi. 2011. “Current Status of Sex Crimes and Measures for the Victims in Japan.” Journal of Medical Association Journal 139 (3): 164–67.Google Scholar
  43. Ohgi, Shohei, Tatsuya Takahashi, J. Kevin Nugent, and Kokichi Arisawa. 2003. “Neonatal Behavioral Characteristics and Later Behavioral Problems.” Clinical Pediatrics 42 (8): 679–86. Google Scholar
  44. Osumi, Takahiro, and Hideki Ohira. 2010. “The Positive Side of Psychopathy: Emotional Detachment in Psychopathy and Rational Decision-Making in the Ultimatum Game.” Personality and Individual Differences 49 (5): 451–56.Google Scholar
  45. Osumi, Takahiro, Takashi Nakao, Yukinori Kasuya, and Jun Shinoda. 2012. “Amygdala Dysfunction Attenuates Frustration-Induced Aggression in Psychopathic Individuals in a Non-criminal Population.” Journal of Affective Disorders 142 (1–3): 331–38.Google Scholar
  46. Pinker, Steven. 2015. “Behavior = Genes + Environment.” In This Idea Must Die, edited by John Brockman, 188–91. New York: HarperCollins.Google Scholar
  47. Portnoy, Jill, Adrian Raine, Jianghong Liu, and Joseph R. Hibbeln. 2018. “Reductions of Intimate Partner Violence Resulting from Supplementing Children with Omega-3 Fatty Acids: A Randomised, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Stratified, Parallel-Group Trial.” Aggressive Behavior.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.21769.
  48. Poudel-Tandukar, Kalpana, Akiko Nanri, Motoki Iwasaki, Tetsuya Mizoue, Yumi Matsushita, Yoshihiko Takahashi, Mitsuhiko Noda, Manami Inoue, and Shoichiro Tsugane. 2011. “Long Chain N-3 Fatty Acids Intake, Fish Consumption and Suicide in a Cohort of Japanese Men and Women—The Japan Public Health Center-Based (JPHC) Prospective Study.” Journal of Affective Disorders 129 (1–3): 282–88.Google Scholar
  49. Radzinowicz, Leon. 1999. Adventures in Criminology. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  50. Raine, Adrian. 2002a. “Biosocial Studies of Antisocial and Violent Behavior in Children and Adults: A Review.” Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 30 (4): 311–26.Google Scholar
  51. ———. 2002b. “The Basis Biological of Crime.” In Crime: Public Policies for Crime Control, edited by James Q. Wilson and Joan Petersilia, 43–74. Oakland: ICS Press.Google Scholar
  52. ———. 2005. “The Interaction of Biological and Social Measures in the Explanation of Antisocial and Violent Behavior.” In Developmental Psychobiology of Aggression, edited by David M. Stoff and Elizabeth J. Susman, 13–42. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Google Scholar
  53. ———. 2013. The Anatomy of Violence: The Biological Roots of Crime. New York: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
  54. Raine, Adrian, Jill Portnoy, Jianghong Liu, Tashneem Mahoomed, and Joseph R. Hibbeln. 2015. “Reduction in Behavior Problems with Omega-3 Supplementation in Children Aged 8–16 Years: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Stratified, Parallel-Group Trial.” Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines 56 (5): 509–20.Google Scholar
  55. Rocque, Michael, Brandon C. Welsh, and Adrian Raine. 2012. “Biosocial Criminology and Modern Crime Prevention.” Journal of Criminal Justice 40 (4): 306–12.Google Scholar
  56. ———. 2014. “Policy Implications of Biosocial Criminology: Crime Prevention and Offender Rehabilitation.” In The Nurture vs. Biosocial Debate in Criminology: On the Origins of Criminal Behavior and Criminality, edited by Kevin M. Beaver, J. C. Barnes, Brian B. Boutwell, 431–45. New York: Sage. Google Scholar
  57. Shiina, Akihiro, Aika Tomoto, Soichiro Omiya, Aiko Sato, Masaomi Iyo, and Yoshito Igarashi. 2017. “Differences Between British and Japanese Perspectives on Forensic Mental Health Systems: A Preliminary Study.” World Journal of Psychiatry 7 (1): 8–11.Google Scholar
  58. Shiozaki, Arihiro, Yoshio Matsuda, Kunihiko Hayashi, Shoji Satoh, and Shigeru Saito. 2011. “Comparison of Risk Factors for Major Obstetric Complications Between Western Countries and Japan: A Case—Cohort Study.” Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 37 (10): 1447–54.Google Scholar
  59. Sudo, Junya, Makoto Sato, Shugo Obata, and Akira Yamagami. 2006. “Exploring the Possibility of Risk Assessment of Japanese Sexual Offenders Using Static-99.” Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health 16: 146–54.Google Scholar
  60. Sugawara, Masumi, Toshinori Kitamura, Mari Aoki Toda, and Satoru Shima. 1999. “Longitudinal Relationship Between Maternal Depression and Infant Temperament in a Japanese Population.” Journal of Clinical Psychology 55 (7): 869–80.Google Scholar
  61. Sugiura, Yoshinori, and Tomoko Sugiura. 2012. “Psychopathy and Looming Cognitive Style: Moderation by Attentional Control.” Personality and Individual Differences 52 (3): 317–22.Google Scholar
  62. Suzuki, Yumi E. 2016. “Sexual Violence in Japan: Implications of the Lay Judge System on Victims of Sexual Violence.” Journal of Law and Criminal Justice 4 (1): 75–81.Google Scholar
  63. Takahashi, Hidehiko, Noriaki Yahata, Michihiko Koeda, Tetsuya Matsuda, Kunihiko Asai, and Yoshiro Okubo. 2004. “Brain Activation Associated with Evaluative Processes of Guilt and Embarrassment: An fMRI Study.” NeuroImage 23 (3): 967–74.Google Scholar
  64. Takahashi, Taiki, Haruto Takagishi, Hirofumi Nishinaka, Takaki Makino, and Hiroki Fukui. 2014. “Neuroeconomics of Psychopathy: Risk Taking in Probability Discounting of Gain and Loss Predicts Psychopathy.” Neuroendocrinology Letters 35 (6): 510–17.Google Scholar
  65. Tamura, Ayame, Yoshinori Sugiura, Tomoko Sugiura, and Jun Moriya. 2016. “Attention Moderates the Relationship Between Primary Psychopathy and Affective Empathy in Undergraduate Students.” Psychological Reports 119 (3): 608–29.Google Scholar
  66. Tamura, Ayame, Keiji Takata, Yoshinori Sugiura, Jun Moriya, Yoshitake Takebayashi, and Keisuke Tanaka. 2014. “Moderation of the Relationship Between Psychopathy and Empathy by Attention.” Personality and Individual Differences 60 (April): S62.Google Scholar
  67. Virkkunen, Matti. E., David F. Horrobin, Douglas K. Jenkins, and Mehar S. Manku. 1987. “Plasma Phospholipids, Essential Fatty Acids and Prostaglandins in Alcoholic, Habitually Violent and Impulsive Offenders.” Biological Psychiatry 22 (9): 1087–96.Google Scholar
  68. Wallinius, Märta, Thomas Nilsson, Björn Hofvander, Henrik Anckarsäter, and Gunilla Stålenheim. 2012. “Facets of Psychopathy Among Mentally Disordered Offenders: Clinical Comorbidity Patterns and Prediction of Violent and Criminal Behavior.” Psychiatry Research 198 (2): 279–84.Google Scholar
  69. Yamamoto, Mana, and Takemi Mori. 2016. “Assessing the Effectiveness of the Correctional Sex Offender Treatment Program.” Online Journal of Japanese Clinical Psychology 3: 1–13.Google Scholar
  70. Yokota, Kunihiro. 2012. “The Validity of a Three-Factor Model in PPI-R and Social Dominance Orientation in Japanese Sample.” Personality and Individual Differences 53 (7): 907–11.Google Scholar
  71. Yokoyama, Minoru. 2013. “Development of Criminology in Japan from a Sociological Perspective.” In Handbook of Asian Criminology, edited by Jianhong Liu, Bill Hebenton, and Susyan Jou, 223–30. New York: Springer.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura Bui
    • 1
  • David P. Farrington
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Criminology and Criminal JusticeUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK
  2. 2.Institute of CriminologyUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

Personalised recommendations