Lower Blepharoplasty: Transconjunctival Approach

  • Ana Filipa Duarte
  • Alice Varanda Pereira
  • Martin H. Devoto


Cosmetic lower blepharoplasty is one of the most common procedures in an oculoplastic surgeon practice, with lower eyelid rejuvenation having a significant impact on age, attractiveness, and fatigue appearance. This chapter will describe the fundamental aspects of the transconjunctival lower blepharoplasty, with and without fat transposition. Historical background, the complex anatomy of the lower eyelid, patient evaluation, surgical techniques, and the evolving concepts of facial aging will be discussed.


Lower eyelid Transconjunctival blepharoplasty Fat repositioning Orbital fat Cosmetic blepharoplasty 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Filipa Duarte
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alice Varanda Pereira
    • 3
  • Martin H. Devoto
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyCentro Hospitalar de Lisboa CentralLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Department of OphthalmologyHospital Cuf DescobertasLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.Plastic Reconstructive SurgeryCentral Lisbon Hospital CenterLisbonPortugal
  4. 4.Consultores OftalmologicosCiudad de Buenos AiresArgentina

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