Identity and Adaptation
Genocide survivors have to manage a changing identity once they migrate to a new country. New identities become open to them in terms of new nationalities and becoming viewed as a survivor or a victim. This chapter explores how survivors manage this identity adaptation over time, and how they come to see themselves as a survivor, particularly analysing the concept of a hierarchy of survivors. The notion of being a survivor is one which has seen much discussion, and this chapter explores the nuances of the terms ‘survivor’ and ‘victim’. In addition, this chapter also explores the idea that genocide survivors constitute a field (in the Bourdieuian sense) in themselves, discussing how this field functions and impacts upon survivors. In doing so, this chapter examines which individuals become dominant and achieve a higher status in the survivor field. In closing, the chapter considers how survivors talk about their experiences and how memory, both individual and cultural, affects the retelling of stories.
KeywordsField Speech Host country Identity Symbolic capital Linguistic habitus
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