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Effects of Exercise on Menopausal Prevalent Conditions

  • Samuel J. Martínez-Domínguez
  • Juan Bueno-Notivol
  • Peter Chedraui
  • Vanesa Alonso-Ventura
  • Julia Calvo-Latorre
  • Faustino R. Pérez-López
Chapter

Abstract

The menopausal transition and postmenopausal years are associated with body composition/endocrine adjustments, increase of some co-morbid conditions, and changes in social environment. During this phase, several symptoms and co-morbid complications are frequent and may vary in intensity and duration. Physical activity and exercise have been recommended although there are controversies from observational studies regarding their benefits. The present review analyzes different outcomes giving preference to randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and meta-analyses that assess the real impact of various conditions prevalent during the second half of female life. Body composition, insulin sensitivity, and metabolic endpoints can be improved by programmed exercise. On the contrary, vasomotor symptoms and perceived stress are not improved by exercise. Depressive and anxiety symptoms may be improved by programmed exercise. Future RCTs should specifically define intensity and duration of weekly exercise in order to achieve the appropriate recommendations.

Keywords

Anxiety Body composition Depressive symptoms Exercise Insomnia Insulin sensitivity Menopause Physical performance Sleep Vasomotor symptoms 

Notes

Competing Interest

None to declare

Funding: None.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samuel J. Martínez-Domínguez
    • 1
  • Juan Bueno-Notivol
    • 2
  • Peter Chedraui
    • 3
  • Vanesa Alonso-Ventura
    • 4
  • Julia Calvo-Latorre
    • 5
  • Faustino R. Pérez-López
    • 6
  1. 1.Digestive DepartmentLozano-Blesa University HospitalZaragozaSpain
  2. 2.Psychiatry DepartmentMiguel Servet University HospitalZaragozaSpain
  3. 3.Instituto de Investigación e Innovación en Salud Integral, Facultad de Ciencias MédicasUniversidad Católica de Santiago de GuayaquilGuayaquilEcuador
  4. 4.Cardiology DepartmentMiguel Servet University HospitalZaragozaSpain
  5. 5.Cambridge University Hospitals, NHS Foundation TrustCambridgeUK
  6. 6.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of Zaragoza Facultad de MedicinaZaragozaSpain

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