Advertisement

Geographic Information Systems: Should They Be Used in Public Finance Reform Development?

  • Tetiana PaientkoEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 1007)

Abstract

Public finance reform is one of the most complex areas of decision-making. It requires proper implementing methodology and tools for visualizing possible results of reform in a society. The purpose of this article is to show how geographic information systems (GIS) can be used in the development of reform in the sphere of public finance. GIS could provide a wide range of analysis and better support for ideas of reforms. GIS is useful in cases of public finance reform because it makes it possible to combine statistical, demographical, and geographical analyses. Also, GIS provides necessary visualization that helps ordinary citizens to understand a proposed reform and its aftereffects. GIS can increase transparency and accountability of government, because it is quite difficult to manipulate open map data. The article provides examples of how GIS can be used to justify reforms in public finance, namely, optimizing funding for formal school education and health care. Data from Ukraine was used for the analysis. This choice is due to the presence of radical reforms in this country, citizens’ distrust of reforms, and lack of transparency of information about the activities of the public sector. GIS was used to test whether government reforms would comply with European standards of access to schooling and health care for all citizens. The results of the study show that such standards could not be achieved because the government did not take into account the low quality of infrastructure when developing reform programs. GIS is not a perfect tool and several challenges should be also considered. Firstly, the software for GIS must be revised quite often. Secondly, GIS software continues to change and improve over time and there are now several GIS applications that range from being relatively free (having limited tools) to being very expensive (for example, ArcGIS 10.). Thirdly, to follow the idea of increasing transparency, all GIS software should have no conflicts between each other. This means that data from one GIS software can be easily exported into different GIS applications.

Keywords

Geographic information systems Public finance Reform Health care reform Education reform Taxpayer funds 

References

  1. 1.
    Fedosov, V., Paientko, T.: Ukrainian government bureaucracy: benefits and costs for the society. Bus. Manag. Stud. 3(2), 8–19 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Allen, R., Schiavo-Campo, S., Garrity, T.: Assessing and Reforming Public Financial Management: A New Approach. World Bank, Washington (2004)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gomez, P., Friedman, J., Shapiro, I. Opening Budgets to Public Understanding and Debate. IBP, Washington. Mode of access. http://www.transparency.cz/pdf/tsr_dstudie_02.pdf
  4. 4.
    Hedger, E., Kizilbash, A.Z.: Reforming Public Financial Management when the Politics aren’t right: A proposal. ODI, London. Mode of access (2007). http://www.odi.org.uk/publications/opinions/89_PFM_politics_Nov07.pdf
  5. 5.
    Fjeldstad, O.: Anti-corruption reforms: challenges, effects and limits of world bank support. Background paper to public sector reform: what works and why? In: Fjeldstad, O.-H., Isaksen, J. (eds.) IEG Evaluation of World Bank Support. World Bank (2008)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dressel, B.: Targeting the public purse: advocacy coalitions and public finance in the Philippines. Adm. Soc. 44(6), 65S–84S (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dorotinsky, W., Pradhan, S.: Exploring corruption in public financial management. In: Campos, J.E., Pradhan, S. (eds.) The Many Faces of Corruption. World Bank, Washington (2007)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    De Renzio, P., Dorotinsky, W.: Tracking Progress in the Quality of PFM Systems in HIPCs. PEFA Secretariat, Washington. Mode of access. http://www.pefa.org/report_file/HIPCPEFA%0Tracking%20Progress%20Paper%20FINAL_1207863932.pdf
  9. 9.
    Andrews, M.: PFM reform: signal failure. Mode of access. http://opinion.publicfinanceinternational.org/2013/03/pfmreform-signal-failure/
  10. 10.
    Fjeldstad, O.: Taxation and development: a review of donor support to strengthen tax systems in developing countries. WIDER Working Paper No. 2013/010 (2013)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Paientko, T.: Behavioral aspects of financial anomalies in Ukraine. In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings, vol. 1356, pp. 214–224 (2015). (Indexed by: Sci Verse Scopus, DBLP, Google Scholar). CEUR-WS.org/Vol-1356/ICTERI-2015-CEUR-WS-Volume.pdf
  12. 12.
    Langran, G.: Time in Geographic Information Systems. Taylor and Francis, London (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Laudan, L.: Beyond Positivism and Relativism: Theory, Method, and Evidence. Westview Press, Boulder (1996)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Longley, P.A., Goodchild, M.F., Maguire, D.J., Rhind, D.W.: Geographical Information Systems: Principles, Techniques, Management and Applications. Wiley, New York (1999)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bialynicki-Birula, I.: Modeling Reality: How Computers Mirror Life. Oxford University Press, New York (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Anselin, L., Florax, R.J., Rey, S.J. (eds.): Advances in Spatial Econometrics: Methodology, Tools and Applications. Springer, Berlin (2004).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-05617-2CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Castro, M.C.: Spatial demography: an opportunity to improve policy making at diverse decision levels. Popul. Res. Policy Rev. 26, 477–509 (2007). Special Issue on Spatial DemographyCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Voss, P.R.: Demography as a spatial social science. Popul. Res. Policy Rev. 26, 457–476 (2007). Special Issue on Spatial DemographyCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Anselin, L., Rey, S.J. (eds.): Perspectives on Spatial Data Analysis. Springer, Berlin (2010).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-01976-0CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Goodchild, M.: New Horizons for the Social Sciences: Geographic Information Systems. Mode of access. http://www.geog.ucsb.edu/~good/papers/334.pdf
  21. 21.
    Goodchild, M.F.: A GIScience perspective on the uncertainty of context. Ann. Am. Assoc. Geogr. (2018)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sianko, N., Small, M.: The Future of GIS in Social Sciences. Elsevier, New York City (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Church, R., Murray, A.: Business Site Selection, Location Analysis and GIS. Wiley, Hoboken (2009)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Combes, P.P., Lafourcade, M.: Transport costs decline and regional inequalities: evidence from France. CEPR discussion paper 2894 (2001)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Rothstein, J.: Does competition among public schools benefit students and taxpayers? Comment. Am. Econ. Rev. 97, 2026–2037 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Open street map [Electronic source]. https://www.openstreetmap.org/#map=6/48.537/31.168
  27. 27.
    Manual for working with ArcGIS 10 [Electronic source]. ftp://ftp.puce.edu.ec/Facultades/CienciasExactas/Geoinformatica/MANUALES%20PARA%20LA%20OPTATIVA/MANUAL%20ARCGIS%2010/Manual%20ArcGis%2010.pdfGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ministry of Finance of Ukraine [Electronic source]. https://www.minfin.gov.ua

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kyiv National Economic University named after Vadym HetmanKyivUkraine

Personalised recommendations