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Revolutionary Berlin: Fulcrum of the Twentieth Century

  • Donny Gluckstein
Chapter
Part of the Marx, Engels, and Marxisms book series (MAENMA)

Abstract

The upheaval that took place in Berlin from November 1918 was of world-historic importance. It ended the First World War and determined the eventual fate of Russian Bolshevism as this depended on the international spread of revolution. This chapter examines how the peculiarities of German historical development set the context and molecular development of class struggle from below in the workplace. It argues that the revolutionary process was cut short in the so-called Spartacus uprising of January 1919. Reactionary troops under reformist command killed the leaders of the newly formed Communist Party and many others. While this appeared to secure the future for parliamentary democracy, the survival of a crisis-ridden capitalism and fragments of the old state ultimately enabled counter-revolutionary forces, in the shape of Nazism, to take their revenge.

References

  1. Bukharin, Nikolai. 1919. Vom Sturze des Zarismus bis zum Sturze der Bourgeoisie. Berlin: Verlag Rote Fahne.Google Scholar
  2. Harman, Chris. 1982. The Lost Revolution: Germany 1918 to 1923. London: Bookmarks.Google Scholar
  3. Kautsky, Karl. 1909. The Road to Power. Marxists’ Internet Archive. https://www.marxists.org/archive/kautsky/1909/power/index.htm. Accessed 15 Oct 2018.
  4. Pannekoek, Anton. 1912. Massenaktion und Revolution. Marxists’ Internet Archive. https://www.marxists.org/deutsch/archiv/pannekoek/1912/xx/massenaktion.htm. Accessed 15 Oct 2018.
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donny Gluckstein
    • 1
  1. 1.Edinburgh CollegeEdinburghUK

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