‘Religion Is Like Tofu, It Takes on the Flavour of Whatever It’s Cooked In’: Religious Citizenship and Pluralism Shaping Lived Religion Within an American Women’s Mosque
Some Muslim women have directly challenged male religious authority by leading women-only or even mixed-gender prayer (Hammer 2011). They include, for example, Shamima Shaikh, who led prayer in South Africa in 1995, Amina Wadud (USA, 2005 and beyond), Raheel Raza (UK, 2010) and Jamida Beevi (India, 2018).
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