Mastectomy is the surgical removal of the mammary gland: it is the first effective treatment described for breast cancer and is used up to the present day. Simple mastectomy refers only to breast removal, while radical mastectomies are associated with axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). Surgical procedures that preserve the skin or the areola-papillary complex (APC) are called sparing or preserving mastectomies, often described in English as skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) and nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) or adeno-mastectomies.
KeywordsBreast cancer surgery Radical mastectomy Ski-sparing mastectomy Nipple-sparing mastectomy Local recurrence
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